Lecture15 - Christie Hua LECTURE 15 SOCIAL AND POLITICAL...

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Christie Hua 3/3/10 LECTURE 15 – SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CHANGES OF LATE QING CHINA I. New social classes in China a. Old structure b. New classes II. political response: the new policies reform III. Political consequence of the reform IV. Changes in people’s value system a. political culture V. New social classes in China a. old structure b. new classes VI. Four classes of Chinese society (idealized version) a. shi – gentry, literati b. nong – peasants c. gong-artisans d. –jhang – merchants VII. New social groups a. merchants and changed status b. new intellectuals a. very westernized, wore western dlothing c. new military men d. urban proletariat a. difficult for chinese student to become official b. less than 1.5 million were in the combined lower and upper gentry classes (1 / 300 peasants) c. xian/county level is lowest level (usually about 300,000 people) d. if people have wealth, they are more powerful i. older people more respected ii. in traditional society, military men don’t have much status iii. ppl in government start to sell official titles 1. creates problems; merchants buying titles a. also gain benefits by having low tax rates 2. gain prestige by their own money a. don’t feel loyal to emperor i.
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