Lecture4

Lecture4 - Christie Hua 4/9/09 LECTURE 4 ASSYRIA AND PERSIA...

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Christie Hua 4/9/09 LECTURE 4 – ASSYRIA AND PERSIA Iron Hebrews Monotheism Assyrians Neo-Babylonians Cyrus the Great Darius I Achaemenid dynasty Zoroastrianism Persepolis Satrapy Do we have a paper #1 for honors? I. Responses to crisis: the late Bronze Age a. International system i. Time of new wealth, ideas, technologies ii. Cultural treaties… period of cultural exchange, marriage alliances iii. 3 major states 1. Egypt 2. Babylonia 3. Hittites iv. within a century, this system collapsed 1. includes Troy, Turkey v. ** how do societies deal with CRISES? 1. weakness kingdoms depended on each other 2. fought the same way a. all fought with chariots 3. not prepared for new way of doing things 4. if you’re too specialized, you won’t be ready for unexpected a. outside invasions… not prepared to deal with b. archives II. Mycenaeans 1400-1200 BC a. Linear B syllabary i. Preparation lists 1. indicate some sort of crisis was going on b. sites get large fortification walls
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c. kingdoms were not prepared to deal with what was happening *** d. possible that chariots were overwhelmed with different sorts of technology III. Changes in warfare a. Invaders came… might have been mercenaries b. Rebelled against kingdoms i. Had better military system c. kingdoms were too specialized IV. The World in 1000 BCE a. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia survived, but were weakened b. Stone-age farmers in South America, Central America, Africa c. India descendants of Aryan pastoralists d. Zhou in China e. Power vacuum? i. No central power ii. Opportunities for new forms of politics/societies I. Iron f. 1000 BCE onward… the Iron Age g. Bronze and iron, 3000-500 BCE i. Western Asia, 3500 BC… first bronze technology
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Lecture4 - Christie Hua 4/9/09 LECTURE 4 ASSYRIA AND PERSIA...

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