Lecture5

Lecture5 - Christie Hua 4/14/09 LECTURE 5 THE GREEKS Homer,...

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4/14/09 LECTURE 5 – THE GREEKS Homer, Illiad and Odyssey Polis Panhellenism Greek-Persian Wars (490-479 BC) Barbaros (plural barbaroi) Peloponnesian War (431-404) Herodotus Thucydides Pre-Socrates Aristotle, Socrates, Plato I. The first trans-Asian empire – Persian empire a. Emphasize proper religious conduct b. Babylon c. Surrounded by Egyptians, Greek city-states, Hindu kingdoms, pastoral nomads d. Persian empire allows ppl to have cultural connections e. Metal work = favorite of Asian nomads b/c it’s practical/durable f. Value hierarchy II. The World in 500 BCE a. Chinese Warring States, Persian empire, Hindu kingdoms/republics, Mediterranean city-states, Kush, European chiefdoms, Maya chiefdoms, Andean chiefdoms III. Greeks – Late Bronze Age/Mycenaean Greece (1600-1200) a. Collapsed, life returned to pastoral level b. Went from complex society to small village life IV. Homer, Illiad and Odyssey (ca.750-700) a. Originally composed as oral poems b. Important literature, founding texts of Greek civilization i. Showed Greeks the right way to behave 1. warrior ideals 2. thought they were historic events 3. how accurate do they portray Bronze Age world? 4.
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Lecture5 - Christie Hua 4/14/09 LECTURE 5 THE GREEKS Homer,...

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