Lecture6

Lecture6 - Christie Hua 4/16/09 LECTURE 6 THE HELLENISTIC...

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Christie Hua 4/16/09 LECTURE 6 – THE HELLENISTIC WORLD Alexander of Macedon (356-323 BCE) Hellenistic period (323-30 BCE) Seleukids, Ptolemies, Antigonids Mauryan Empire (322-185 BCE) Alexandria Maccabees Septuagint Bactria Milindapanha (Dialogues of King Menander) Gandhara style Midterm Exam Tuesday, April 28 -short identification questions, map -covers material thru Week IV -bring two (2) blue books to your TA by 23 April MAKE SURE YOU DO THE READING! -not just memorizing the information -put up themes -check-up, progress report -need to read all of Art of War -substantial reading -Chinese and Indian standpoints I. MAP: Peloponnesian League vs. Delian League a. Sparta, Athens, Persian Empire b. Great deal of cultural interchange c. How did the world change from classical world to world of Alexander? i. After the Persian wars, the world retreated to the West ii. Kind of like Cold War, two formal allies become rivals 1. two competing alliances 2. Spartan alliance = Peloponnesian League 3. Athens League = Delian League a. Main treasury is on island of Delos b. Overtime, they become more mistrustful of each other
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c. In the meantime, Persians are happy to see this happen d. Delian League (mid 400s BC) creates empire e. Small empire on Persian scale i. But unique characteristics ii. Trireme…. Athenians are focused on sea power 1. control Aegean basin 2. Trireme = rowing vessel with three banks of oars a. Important political implications b. If you serve in military, you deserve to serve in government c. However, poor people w/ not much power can fight in triremes d. More emphasis on popular rule by the people e. Less emphasis on rule with middle-class farmers f. Enabled poor citizens to have role in military II. Peloponnesian War (431-404) a. After three long decades of war, the Spartans win and destroy Athenian empire b. Ultimately, no side really won c. Within a few decades, Greece was still broken up into competing city- states d. Mostly failure for Greeks III. Herodotus (ca. 485-425) and Thucydides (ca. 460-400) a. “Istorie” = research or inquiry b. where we get the word “history” c. Herodotus wrote Halicarnassus d. Hebrew + Homer were all stories of events i. But Herodotus was the first to cast things in analytical framework
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Lecture6 - Christie Hua 4/16/09 LECTURE 6 THE HELLENISTIC...

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