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Lecture7

Lecture7 - Christie Hua LECTURE 7 EARLY INDIA Vedas...

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Unformatted text preview: Christie Hua 4/21/09 LECTURE 7: EARLY INDIA Vedas Mahabharata and Ramayana Varna Jati Mahajanapada Gautama Buddha (ca. 560-483 BCE) Magadha Mauryan Empire (ca. 323-185) Chandragupta Maurya (r. 322-298) Ashoka (r. 268-232) Parthians and Kushans Midterm Exam-bring 2 large blue books to TA!!!!-review sheet to be e-mailed I. The spread of coinage, 600-300 BCE a. Invented first in Lydia (modern Turkey) .. ca. 600 BCE i. Nice way to present standard value of gold and silver ii. Stamping it with mark of authority iii. Can also be messages iv. 550 BCE – Persians and Greeks pick up ideas v. 300 – first Roman coins vi. coins appear around India in 500 1. ex. Lydian electrum stater, ca. 600 BCE 2. Persian gold daric, 5 th century BCE a. Accepted in wide range of places b. Illiterate ppl would recognize it 3. Chinese “spade money” 4. Qin copper cash 5. Gandhara “double siglos” ca. 600-500 BCE II. The World in 323 BCE a. Maya chiefdoms, Andean chiefdoms, European chiefdoms, Rome, Carthage, Meroe, Alexander’s Empire, Qin, Hindu kingdoms and republics III. The World in 200 BCE a. Zapotecs, Maya states, Andean chiefdoms (in the Americas) b. Bactria, Parthians, Alexander’s Successors, Han Empire, Mauryan Empire, Meroe, Carthage, Rome, European chiefdoms IV. Roman imperialism and the Hellenistic World a. Hellenistic world must deal with Roman imperialism b. Eventually, Rome will conquer all 3 hellenistic kingdoms i. None of the 3 armies could dominate each other ii. How was Roman society shaped by other forces? V. Early India a. Vedic Age (ca. 1500-600 BCE) i. Our main source for this is Vedas (“knowledge” texts) 1. period of pastoral societies 2. organized into competing chiefdoms 3. diverse period archaelogically b. janapada i. small cities or republics ii. run by chiefdom, dominated by noble lineage...
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Lecture7 - Christie Hua LECTURE 7 EARLY INDIA Vedas...

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