Lecture8

Lecture8 - Christie Hua 4/23/09 LECTURE 8 EARLY CHINA Shang...

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Christie Hua 4/23/09 LECTURE 8 – EARLY CHINA Shang (1700-1122 BCE) Zhou (1122-770) Mandate of Heaven “well field system” Spring and Autumn (770-480) Confucius, Lao Tzu (Laozi), Shang Yang Warring States (480-221) Sunzi (Sun-tzu) Qin King Zheng Qin Shi Huangdi I. Romanization a. Wade-Giles Pinyin i. Mao Tse-tung Mao Zedong ii. Peking Beijing iii. Ch’in Qin iv. Ssuma Ch’ien Sima Qian II. Textual evidence a. Spring and autumn arrivals b. Sima Qian (Ssuma Ch’ien) (145-?89 BCE) i. Historian c. China = well-documented society i. New texts arise all the time III. Archaeology in China a. Mostly from mortuary contexts b. In Mediterranean world, people depopulated areas c. In China, ppl still settle in areas where there are remains i. Preserved in different ways from Mediterranean ii. Egypt = much stuff in funeral context IV. Peopling the Earth: 100,000 – 10,000 BCE a. Development of agriculture i. Rise of agriculture in fertile crescent ii. 6000-3000 BCE 1. millet, soybeans, rice cultivation 2. pastoral nomads
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V. Neolithic China (ca. 6500-2000 BCE) a. Yellow River b. Yangtze River i. Ppl developing pottery to store surplus (farming) ii. New settlements iii. Yellow river loess 1. Millet becomes most common crop to be grown iv. Yangtze River more suitable for rice cultivation v. Different sorts of pottery styles 1. many local cultures 2. China not unified place from the beginning a. Great deal of diversity VI. The World in 2000 BCE a. Egypt/Mesopotamia have complex culture traditions b. Indus Valley flourished c. Emergence of Chinese civilization i. Urbanization (ca. 2500 BCE) ii. Irrigation/flood control iii. Xia dynasty (ca. 2200-1800) VII. Shang (ca. 1700-1122) a. Development of complex state in China b. Peasant cultivators i. Turtle shells on which are inscribed ritual questions ii. They preserve for us the earliest forms of questions c. bronze working (from ca. 2000 BCE) i. early Chinese bronze = most technically advanced / artistically
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Lecture8 - Christie Hua 4/23/09 LECTURE 8 EARLY CHINA Shang...

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