Lecture12 - Christie Hua LECTURE 12 NOMADS AND HUN...

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Christie Hua 5/12/09 LECTURE 12 – NOMADS AND HUN Pastorialism Transhumance Nomads Cimmerians Scythians Kurgan Xiongnu Han Barbarians and “others Frontiers Borderlands I. Barbarians and others a. Frontiers b. Borderlands c. Herodotus talking about Persia shows his Greek values i. How we define others shows our values ii. More Greeks working for Persia than entire Spartan army iii. We’re accustomed today to sharp dividing lands iv. Great wall, Chinese fortifications v. Scholars who look at ancient societies are interested in looking at borderlands 1. hybrid and mixed forms of culture 2. invasion and assimilation a. agriculturalists = inside represents stability b. outsiders = invasion/disorder i. however, if we live in nomad side, we might have contrasting perceptions ii. disorderly ones = those who are inside 1. being slave to your plants II. Nomads and assimilation a. Nomads enter settled areas as assimilated immigrants or conquerors i. People who are pastoralists ii. Population explosion 1. ppl farming all over globe 2. some areas not as suitable for agriculture as other areas a. fertile area generally near rivers i. fertile crescent, nile valley ii. population growing, there’s surplus
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1. by 4000 BCE, ppl trying to farm everywhere a. not successful, not enough water or right conditions i. spend more effort on caring for herds/animals III. Horses and people a. Botai (ca. 3700 – 3100 i. Domesticated very early on ii. Humans interacting with horses for long time iii. Not until recently that we got better handle on when ppl domesticated horses 1. we have evidence of settled folks who are relying on herds of horses for main livelihood 2. the key to knowing what happened with humans and animals is analysis of bones IV. Sedentary pastorialism a. Animals being controlled by bits b. Horse remains central part of ppl’s diet i. Early example of domestication of horses 1. successful horse pastoralists 2. in other areas, ppl were moving around a. in this region, you have earliest domestication of horse V. Transhumance/pastoral nomadism a. Animals require more fodder i. Further fields ii. Ppl stop staying in one place 1. abandon one agriculture, go to another flock 2. transhumance
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Lecture12 - Christie Hua LECTURE 12 NOMADS AND HUN...

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