Christie Hua5/20/09LECTURE 15: SUI AND TANG CHINAThree Kingdoms (220-589)Theravada and Mahayana BuddhismToba (Tuoba) nomadsKoguryo, Paekche, and SillaYamato kingdom (300 – 700 CE)Sui dynasty (589 – 607)Tang dynasty (618 – 906)Chang’anTelas River (751 CE)An Lushan rebellionI.Islam in Africa, 630 – 1300a.Mecca, Axumb.Expansion from southern part of Mediterranean to central Asiac.Large desserti.Muslim conquerors are no different than Romansii.Caravans/merchants filter south along trade routes1.eventually reach parts of western Africad.Christian kingdoms – Axumi.Development of first complex state societyii.First western African kingdom1.Islam filters through trade routesa.Also travels by seae.Ghana (ca. 700 – 1200)i.Islam in east, south, and southeast Asiaii.Turks, ca. 1000iii.By 1200, Islam is in India, although it never displaces Hinduism1.reaches islands of southeast Asia, Chinaa.Huaisheng mosquei.Guangzhou, Chinaiv.Jakarta Cathedral (1901)1.Istiqlal Mosque (1984)2.Jakarta, IndonesiaII.Manichaeanism, ca. 400-III.Nestorian Christianity, ca. 400 – IV.The World in 400 CEa.Sassanids, Three Kingdoms, Gupta Empire, Axum, Roman Empireb.Germanic peoples invading area of Rome
i.China still in disarrayV.Three Kingdoms (220-589)a.Period of disunityb.Much conflicti.Struggle, very difficult time for Chinaii.Large #’s of people move further down southiii.South becomes more prosperous than the Northiv.Difficult period for Chinav.Kingdoms are trying to establish single unified rule1.stronger and shared culture2.Romanization was less stronga.Local identities in Roman empireb.Geography of China vs. geography of Mediterranean worldc.Who do the Chinese face as their enemies?i.Romans face longterm problem with Persians on eastern frontier1.nomadic confederations2.difference between Germanic peoples/farmers with pastoral nomads3.