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Unformatted text preview: ace preparations, coating applications, coating
field erection (site, provisions, regulations, maximum loads)
final testing for acceptance (commissioning)
packing and marking (reference codes, mass, packing list)
equipment for data communication
automatic positioning, location control
maintenance monitoring system
• tele-diagnostics, tele-service
recommended set of spare parts
operator’s training program 4. The procurement process
The entire process from the first initiative to acquire new equipment until the day the
equipment is satisfactorily running into operations may take several years. This is
often performed as a project approach with one dedicated team responsible for the
whole process. In more detail:
Motive or inducement
The motive for the procurement of new equipment can be a new service
addition, the expansion of capacity, the replacement of old equipment, a
change in handling process, the introduction of automation, the improvement
of working conditions for the operator, new requirements for the environment,
a decrease in handling cost etc.
After the recognition of the motive the objective with the procurement should
be defined: what’s the required capacity, which type of equipment, what’s the
company’s philosophy etc.
In this analysis it should be checked whether the assumed equipment concept
will be technically feasible, will meet some economic demands, does fulfil
societal demands etc. Such a feasibility study may cover the analysis of
various proposed concepts and might encompass the impact on the existing
operations (required modifications, a process redesign)
Decision on project responsibility
In an early stage it should be decided which person or team (with one team
manager) will be responsible for the entire procurement process and this
person or team must be announced in the company including a brief
description of the objective and related responsibilities and authorities.
Draft of the equipment specifications
After some fact finding some design concepts must be considered including a
basic engineering of each concept. From there the preliminary specifications
can be written down, including some general arrangement drawings and a
brief description of the required functionality.
Invitation for pre-tendering
In this stage preferred suppliers (contractors) are invited to present a proposal
for the delivery of the requires equipment. Depending on the local situation
and the type of financing it must be decided whether the pre-tendering will be
on invitation, will be in public, will be directed only to one preferred supplier
or will be directed to a consortium that should present a BOT-arrangement
(Build, Operate and Transfer).
Presentation of proposals
Based on the presented specifications, the selected tenderers will submit a
proposal for the equipment including a description of the major...
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- Spring '10