Week 4 Discussion 1 and 2.docx - Textbook Lesson Minimum of...

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Textbook: Chapter 12, 14 Lesson Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook) Initial Post Instructions For the initial post, pick three (3) of the leading causes of the American Civil War: The Compromise of 1850 The Fugitive Slave Law 1850 Uncle Tom's Cabin 1852 The Kansas Nebraska Act 1854 The Dred Scott Case of 1857 The Lincoln Douglas Debates 1858 Then, address one (1) of the following for your selections: Based on the historical facts given in this module, assess if the American Civil War was inevitable. Analyze if the United States Supreme Court can settle legal and moral issues through judiciary review. In your response, provide a documented example of a modern parallel of a legal or moral issue settled by the United States Supreme Court. Dred Scott was born into slavery in the year 1799 to an owner named Peter Blow (History editors, 2020). First, they moved to Alabama in 1818, then moved to St. Louis, Missouri in 1830 so Peter could run a boarding house (History editors, 2020). Eventually, Peter died, and Scott was purchased by another owner named Emerson where he took Scott to Illinois, a free state (History editors, 2020). Scott married another slave, Harriet, and Emerson was transferred ownership of her. Emerson ended up dying in 1843 so his slaves become the property of his wife (History editors, 2020). The wife moved with the slaves back to St. Louis and Scott begged to purchase his freedom, but she refused (History editors, 2020). In 1846, Scott and Harriet filed for lawsuits against Emerson’s wife for wrongful enslavement and to be free due to already being taken to a free territory (History editors, 2020). Their church funded the case, but neither of them could read or write. The court ruled against them but granted a retrial that occurred in 1850 where they won their freedom. In 1852, Emerson’s wife appealed the case making Scott and Harriet slaves again (History editors, 2020). Scott tried again for freedom in 1854 but still was held to slavery. Scott appealed the case to the U.S. Supreme Court where the trial began in 1856

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