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Unformatted text preview: ich opened immigration from Asia and Latin America. Return flows have fallen since 1986 IRCA, especially at Mexican border. IRCA established employer sanctions (fines), added to threat of deportation. In 1990s stricter border controls have made it more dangerous to cross Mexican border. See chart from Massey et al. 1. Earnings of immigrants See Table 10.3 and compare to Borjas fig. 9.7. Compares immigrants not to non-migrants but to native-born in U.S. and does not hold education, skills constant. a. New immigrants earn less than natives. Compare to Card’s findings, however. b. Some catch-up occurs with time in U.S., as skills such as English proficiency are acquired, but catch-up is partial. c. Compare recent immigrant cohorts with earlier ones—see also Borjas fig. 9.7. Decline in quality? d. Chart excludes return migration, so can overstate gains, especially of older cohorts. Darren Lubotsky’s longitudinal data shows slower rate of earnings growth for immigrants than do the cross-sectional cohorts. 2. Economic effects of immigration We first abstract from taxes paid ve...
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2010 for the course ECON 151 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '08