Lecture 7 - HISTORY 2A Lecture 7Early India THEMES Literary...

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January 26, 2010 HISTORY 2A Lecture 7—Early India THEMES: Literary evidence v. Archeological KEY TERMS: Vedas (Rig Veda) Ramayana and Mahabharata Varna Jati Mahajanapada Gautama Buddha (ca. 600-400 BCE) Magadha Mauryan Empire (ca. 323-185) Chandragupta Maurya (r. 322-298) Ashoka (r. 268-232) Review of Hellenistic Period 1. Move from city states to kingdoms 2. After the death of Alexander 3. Challenges to cultural identity 4. Hybridization—intercultural contacts between the Mediterranean world and the Near East a. Opportunity for new cultural forms b. Jews = best documented example of interchange i. Positive aspect represented by the Septuagint—people who are Greek speaking have access to religious and literary works, Jews were using Greek as their everyday language ii. Maccabees —Hellenistic rebels against Hellenistic power (Seleukids)—they were successful in establishing a separate kingdom 5. End —Destruction of the last leaders (Cleopatra)—taken over by Rome Early India
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January 26, 2010 HISTORY 2A Material culture does not often make it into modern history—To understand ancient history you must use everything you can find How do cities, kingdoms and empires develop the way they do? o Similar bronze age collapse in India—Kingdoms became more important o Different societies find different answers for organization Ganga ) River Valley, south has a high Deccan Plateau, Sri Lanka, The Great Thar Desert o How the monsoon does effects rainfall? Indus Valley Civilization declines 1700BCE—evidence of new people moving in
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Lecture 7 - HISTORY 2A Lecture 7Early India THEMES Literary...

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