Lecture 8 - January 28, 2010 Lecture 8 HISTORY 2A EARLY...

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January 28, 2010 HISTORY 2A Lecture 8 EARLY CHINA Key Terms: Shang (1766-1045 BCE) Zhou (1045-770)—Mandate of Heaven “well field system” Warring States (480-221)—Sunzi Cultural Exchange Bactria—Kingdoms left behind by Alexander Indo-Greek Kingdoms: want to claim a Greek culture—but also local Indian culture (CULTURAL FUSION) Example: Coins—both Greek script and Indian Menander—setting for intercultural literary exchange o Milindapanha (Dialogues of King Menander)—expedition of Buddhist philosophy 2 nd c. BCE—Greek king living in Bactria Gandhara Style —Indian art using classical motifs and ways of presenting the body— Hercules with Indian gods, Trojan horse with Indian gods Mauryan Empire (322-185 BCE) Ashoka (r. 268-232)—bloodthirsty conqueror, but after the final destruction of the last kingdom he becomes interested in Buddhism—it becomes part of the official rhetoric of his empire o EDICTS : Pillar edicts & rock edicts—they are either real expression of Ashoka’s real beliefs or they are political propaganda o “Ceremonial State”—rulers try to receive loyalty from subjects through religious ceremonies—Every ancient empire uses rituals and has an ideology Mauryan Coins (2
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Lecture 8 - January 28, 2010 Lecture 8 HISTORY 2A EARLY...

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