Lecture 10 - February 9, 2010 H ISTORY 2A Lecture 10 The...

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February 9, 2010 HISTORY 2A Lecture 10 The Roman Principate Late Republic o Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44) o Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43) o Legion o Parthians Octavian (63 BCE-14CE) = Augustus Princeps—Principate Res Gestae Julio-Claudians Flavians “Five Good Emperors” LATE ROMAN REPUBLIC: Patronage in the Roman Society: Mutual support—in return you get support and protection (“godfather”) Patricians (wealthy) and Plebeians (poor) = 2 sets of families AMICITIA = Friendship (Patron-Client relationship) Rome’s middle republic: struggles with Carthage—expands to cover most of the Western Mediterranean—successors were weak and dependant on Roman power, Rome was still a republic that was ruling and controlling and empire LEGION : Roman military = one of the most successful in all of history—Legion was a unit of 5000 men Began as citizen militia men—provided own weapons, armor
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February 9, 2010 HISTORY 2A o Recruited according to their wealth—property classes Over time army became more professional—many wars = experience Roman army had a different way of fighting than Hellenistic world: Use short swords (not spears), javelins. E.Mediteranan were using old ways—conflict of 2 military (Phalanx vs. Legions) Legions were able to defeat the armies of Macedonia and Greece with the new military technology The Nature of Roman Imperialism: Rome = US > reflection—how we work Theory 1: Roman Imperialism was DEFENSIVE in nature o Anytime there was a threat, it was taken out o Romans were reluctant to conquer and administer areas they defeated (Greece given back to local cities to rule) Theory 2: Offensive, Aggressive Imperialism o
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2010 for the course HIST History 2A taught by Professor Linn during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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Lecture 10 - February 9, 2010 H ISTORY 2A Lecture 10 The...

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