Lecture 12 - February 16, 2010 Lecture 12 HISTORY 2A Paper...

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February 16, 2010 HISTORY 2A Lecture 12 Paper due March 9 not March 2—QUIZ coming up! KEY TERMS Pastoralism Transhumance Nomads o Cimmerians o Scythians o Kurgan Xiongnu (Hsiung-nu) o Huns Celts and Germans Teutoburg Forest Tacitus (50ca 120 CE) Comparisons between China and Rome Countryside: o Commonalities: 90% peasants, disliked merchants, agricultural wealth = best o Differences: Chinese elites = Countryside, Roman = cities Power o Roman cities = Power centers o China = Rural power (local elites, land in countryside) Trade o Anti- Merchant, restrictions placed Eurasian contact and trade—Rome, Parthia, Chang’an The silk road—route Document #18—Han emperors sent expeditions to the west, “reaching the great sea”
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February 16, 2010 HISTORY 2A Rare for items to start off in Chang’an and make it all the way to Rome—series of steps, local trade Metals traded Wanted the cavalry horses of Parthia and Rome Roman Trade and Coinage Mare Nostrum—Roman conception of the world Pottery, Metals, Wine—much trade focused on the transport of GRAIN (from North Africa and Egypt)!—Rome could not support itself from the surrounding countryside
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Lecture 12 - February 16, 2010 Lecture 12 HISTORY 2A Paper...

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