Lecture 14 - February 23, 2010 HISTORY 2A Meredith Huber...

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February 23, 2010 HISTORY 2A Meredith Huber Lecture 14 Key Terms Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire o Justinian (r. 527-565) Sassanid Persians Muhammad (ca. 570) Umma Qur’an and Hadith Caliph Shiite and Sunni Umayyad caliphate (661-750) Abbasid caliphate (750-1258) ROME IN CRISIS: 3 rd century Roman decline o External invasion from Germanic tribes and Persians o Internally = civil war, emperor assassination, plague, famine, currency crisis o BARRACKS EMPERORS—soldiers, held power for brief times Aurelian’s Wall—Rome had to have a wall built around it (275)—Rome was insecure o Valerian—captured and killed before Shapur o Diocletian —restored the Empire, not from Italy, from Yugoslavia, solider emperor Reorganized Roman society by abandoning the Precepts (first among equals)— Roman emperor now ruled as DOMINOS—Lord and Master—emperor was exalted 2 Tetrarchies (1 Augustus, 1 Caesar)—people began to fight civil wars between east and west
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February 23, 2010 HISTORY 2A Divided provinces into smaller and more manageable pieces: control more
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Lecture 14 - February 23, 2010 HISTORY 2A Meredith Huber...

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