The_Pact_of_Umar

The_Pact_of_Umar - THE PACT OF UMAR The Pact of Umar is the...

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THE PACT OF UMAR The Pact of Umar is the body of limitations and privileges entered into by treaty between conquering Muslims and conquered non-Muslims. Although the treaty does not specifically say so, it is likely that all conquered "peoples of the book," including the Jews, had to subscribe to it. Thus the laws cited below and directed against churches apply to synagogues too. The Pact was probably originated about 637 CE, after the conquest of Christian Syria and Palestine by the caliph Umar. By accretions from established practices and precedents, the Pact was extended. Despite these additions the whole Pact continued to be ascribed to Umar. There are many variants of the text and scholars generally assume that its present form dates from about the ninth century CE, two centuries after Umar. Like much medieval legislation, the Pact was honored more in the breach than in the observance. In addition to the conditions of the Pact listed below, both Christians and Jews paid a head-tax in return for
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The_Pact_of_Umar - THE PACT OF UMAR The Pact of Umar is the...

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