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The Dome of the Rock 1 HOW RITUALS IMPACTED THE ARCHITECTURE OF DOME OF THE ROCK Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation
The Dome of the Rock 2 How Rituals Impacted the Architecture of Dome of the Rock Introduction The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic monument that was built on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, which was the site of King Solomon’s and Herod’s Temples. In the Judeo-Christian history, the rock as the site where Abraham went to sacrifice Isaac while for Muslims it is regarded as the place of the ‘miraj’ where Prophet Muhammad ascended into heaven. The Dome of the Rock, as an architectural monument, represents the complexities of the cross-cultural interactions that have shaped it. The Byzantine model of churches inspired the architectural framework of the Dome while the mosaics that were used for decoration drew extensively on the Byzantine mosaic techniques. Even though the inscribed writings that adorn the Dome promote Islamic virtues, the architectural decorations lean more towards Byzantine-Christian artistic traditions. Therefore, rituals did heavily impact the architecture of the Dome of the Rock. Reasons that Prove Rituals Impact the Architecture of the Dome of the Rock One of the factors that indicate that rituals influenced the architecture of the Dome is the fact that it was built on top of a holy ground, Temple Mount, which had very significant ritual meanings. Temple Mount is considered a holy site in Judaism and among Muslims and is also respected by Christians, therefore, its architecture was inspired by the rituals of the three monotheistic religions. The first evidence is that Temple Mount is holy to Christianity as it is the stone where Adam first made the sacrifice to God. Adam is considered as the first priest by Christians, who made offerings of frankincense and galbanum, which are the ingredients that are used in making incense for the Tabernacle service. 1 Temple Mount is thus revered by Christians as the ‘Holy of Holies’ as the Bible claims 1 . Villeneuve André, Nuptial Symbolism in Second Temple Writings, the New Testament and Rabbinic Literature: Divine Marriage at Key Moments of Salvation History , (Brill, 2016) 385.
The Dome of the Rock 3 that King Solomon built the First Temple and where Herod refurbished the Second Temple. Therefore, the compositions of front pieces and the decorations of the borders of the Dome of the Rock drew on the rituals of the Christians to offer incense and sacrifices to God by the priests . 2 Being a holy place among Christians, the Dome of the Rock was put on an axis with the Church of the Holy Sepulcher that is Church of the Resurrection found in Golgotha. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher comprises of 2 sections, the first one positioned on a longitudinal or basilica plan to mark the place where Jesus was crucified while the other section was built on a central plan and topped by a dome to mark the place where Jesus was buried. 3 The Dome of the

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