ES3 - The British Isles o Through east-west transference...

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The British Isles o Through east-west transference Greco roman culture had a lasting impact on the environment of Great Britain for the next 1000 years o In 43 AD, Romans invaded the Isles, Celtic and Druids were already there when the Romans arrived Coexisted with the Romans and worked fairly well organizing massive trading centers like London Transference from Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome to England Romans worried about attacks from the north, built 75 foot wall, known as the Hadrian wall to prevent Barbarians attack o Next came the Angles and the Saxons who spread out to the country side, they also coexisted well England was a rich land with a decent climate and plentiful resources o Christians replace Romans—send priests to the remote isles of England, converting mass numbers of people Always blessed with 19 miles of water, however, did not stop Norman Conquest o Norman People were Nordic and defeated the angles and Saxons in 1066 in the Battle of Hastings 20 years after battle of Hastings, Great Britain was in a state of chaos after the William the Conqueror declared himself king and implemented a law to pay taxes to him The result was the doomsday book which counted every persons goods, livestock, and other assets Established the legitimacy of his monarchy—still in place today First modern demographic study or census! Most comprehensive of holdings all the way up to the modern century Increases environmental manipulation because you know what is in your surrounding environment Magna Carta of 1215 helped legitimize the power of a king, and was expanded a year later to give more rights to the non-nobility Now you had business people getting into politics
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Industrial Revolution o East-west transference of guns germs and Steele across the Atlantic to the new world o Revolution—happened fast, and came out of new year, however, the new view is that it occurred over a much longer period of time, and it is more of a slow autocatalytic process o When Scotland and England united, it became ‘Great Britain’ Environmental advantage of the 19 miles of water surrounding their island, and created general unity and sea faring By 1600’s, England was a far flown empire with raw materials coming in, and then processed o Enlightenment thought Humans are rationale beings, can apply science and explain and do anything o Mercantilism Limit trade only between England and its colonies Emerged into a more modern form of an economy of capitalism Most of the means of production such as factories and land are privately owned Around 1700, mass production of finished good from raw materials
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o Industrial revolution applies technology (steam) to assist them in producing good British textiles with power looms making finished cloth for exportation Workers were coming from the fields to the factories—now had wages and could buy everything
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ES3 - The British Isles o Through east-west transference...

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