HIST 213 Final

HIST 213 Final - Hist 213 Final Exam Study Guide Lecture...

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Unformatted text preview: Hist 213 Final Exam Study Guide Lecture Notes: 1. Malthusian Theory a. Population would outgrow the carrying capacity of the Earth i. Population grows in geometric progression (2x2=4x2=8x2=16etc) ii. Means of sustenance grows in an arithmetic progression (2+2=4+2=6+2=8etc) b. Positive Checks: disease, wars, famine, hunger c. Preventative Checks: family planning, birth control, give working class ppl education wont populate the Earth (will now have middle class education) d. Failed to realize that he was living in the midst of the very AG rev. that would falsify his predictions. 2. Susan Georges views on Hunger a. Not about population b. How food is used as a political weapon c. Rich controlled the means of production, got to decide who got to eat d. Recognize a distinction between total food availability and access to that food e. Hunger is not a scourge, but a scandal. 3. Eugenics a. Francis Dalton, Charles Darwins cousin b. A systematic effort to improve, genetically, the breed of mankind by checking the birth rate of the unfit, inferior beings (lower class), and promoting the productivity of the fit, superior beings (upper class), c. Eminently gifted men are raised above mediocrity as idiots are depressed below it d. Reflected the prejudice of the elite against the lower classes e. 16 categories of ppl with different levels of brains: Victorians to morons f. Very popular in Hit ler Germany 4. Meaning of Third World a. No nation stays static b. Material Culture and Moral Culture i. What 1 st world countries have gained in materialism, we have lost in moral culture (ie dance, religion, traditions) and vice versa 5. Comparative Study of the Indian and Chinese political Movements a. Backgrounds of their leaders i. Gandhi 1. Lawyer from Merchants Class 2. Believed in Vaisya Caste: passive resistance 3. Mother deeply religious 4. Wanted to end all Apartheid ii. Mao 1. Came from Peasant family 2. High school education 3. Worked in Beijing at a university for 6months a. Studied K.Marx & Lenin b. Never traveled outside China i. So Ideas were much more limited iii. Both revolutions started because of extreme social inequality and imperialism b. Varying methods and Ideologies i. Gandhi 1. Lenin and K. Marx pertaining to Class struggle 2. Goals: Global unity 3. Working class were leading 4. One Revolution ii. Mao 1. Powerful Ideology 2. Peasants were leading 3. Revolut ions within Revolut ions 4. Goals: Naturalized Communism a. Maos Thought b. Populat ion cont rol c. Nat ionalism d. Humanist ic will c. Shortcoming and Achievements Gandhi i. Achievements 1. Gained Independence for India by using soul force 2. Passive resistance 3. Spokesman of the conscience of mankind 4. Championed rights of Women and Lower classes a. Harijan Children of God 5. Against Cast system ii. Shortcomings 1. Separations of India and Pakistan a. Hindus and Muslims d. Achievements and Shortcomings Mao i. Achievements 1. Attained Nationalism...
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This note was uploaded on 06/07/2010 for the course HIST 213 taught by Professor Oriji during the Spring '10 term at Cal Poly.

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HIST 213 Final - Hist 213 Final Exam Study Guide Lecture...

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