14_XML - CSI 3540 Structures techniques et normes du Web...

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CSI 3540 Structures, techniques et normes du Web Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Objectifs : Maîtriser le langage XML Comprendre l’importance des espaces de nommage Lectures : Web Technologies (2007) § 7 Pages 364–373 Représentation des données du Web en XML Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Plan 1. Le langage XML 1. Exemple de vocabulaire : RSS 2.Les espaces de nommage Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Au cours des prochaines semaines. .. XML : vocabulaire, espaces de nommage Ajax XML : Processeur (DOM et SAX), XSL, XPath, XSLT JSPX : EL, JSTL, JavaBeans Services Web : Schéma XML, WSDL et SOAP Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Introduction Pourquoi revisite-t-on XML ? XML est la base de concepts tels que : JSP (Java Server Page) AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML ) SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol ) SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) ... Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Introduction L’adressee URL suivante, dont la dernière mise-à-jour remonte au 25 juin 2005, énumère près de 600 vocabulaires/applications : http://xml.coverpages.org/xmlApplications.html Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Langage de balisage extensible : XML Langage général et puissant pour la représentation de données structurées Très répendu Domaine de l’édition, de livres ou de journaux (Microsoft Office Open XML, Open Office ODF, . ..) Fichier de configuration Le Web sémantique Si vous avez à concevoir une application nécessitant la sauvegarde d’informations, vous devriez considérer XML Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Exemple détaillé RSS 0.91 Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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“RSS feeds” Syndication Procédé selon lequel l'auteur ou l'éditeur d'un site Web rend disponible tout ou partie de son contenu, pour publication dans un autre site Web . [Grand Dictionnaire, Office québécois de la langue française, 2007] Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Syndication Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="RSS" href="http://bio.site.uottawa.ca/wiki/exec/rss?snip=start"/> Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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<html . ..> <head> ... <link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="RSS" href="http://bio.site.uottawa.ca/wiki/exec/rss?snip=start"/> ... </head> ... </head> Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Agrégateur (JNN) Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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“RSS feeds” Format pour l’encodage de contenus mise à jour fréquemment (blogues, par exemple) “Rich Site Summary” (RSS 0.91), “RDF Site Summary” (RSS 0.9 et 1.0) et “Really Simple Syndication” (RSS 2.0) ATOM est l’autre format populaire Tuesday, March 9, 2010
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<rss version="2.0"> <channel> <title>bio</title> <link>http://bio.site.uottawa.ca/wiki/space/start</link> <description>bioinformatics</description> <item> <title>Congratulations Étienne!</title> <link>http://bio.site.uottawa.ca/wiki/space/start/2007-06-30/1</link> <description> Congratulations Étienne! Your paper has been accepted for publication
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14_XML - CSI 3540 Structures techniques et normes du Web...

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