Study Aid for PS 12 Final Exam-1

Study Aid for PS 12 Final Exam-1 - 1 Permanent campaign(and...

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1. Permanent campaign (and key developments)- continous non stop campaigning since day one you are campaigning; developments: separate election days for fed state and local, spread of primary elections, party loose of pwer rise of mass communication 2. Delegate and trustee models of representation- types of representative democracy. Delegate: a person or rep that reflects opinions of those who elect them for office, trustee: acts on behalf of their constituenceas if they were rep their best interest 3. Direct democracy- citizens themselces do the voting, all participate 4. Political information 5. Federalists- those who wrote and campaigned on behalf of ratification of the consitution. 6. Anti-federalists- those who oppsed the ratification of the constitution. 7. Articles of Confederation- the first basic governing docs of the us and forerunner to the consti. 8. Madisonian Democracy- the problem is self interest which leads to conflict the solution is dispersed power and representation. Groups will form balance each other. No tyranny no dominant group. 9. Instrumental self interest 10.Cost-benefit self interest- 11.Collective goods- Collective, or public, goods are benefits freely available to everyone 12.Private goods 13.Paradox of Collective Action- Collective goods dilemmas occur when Paying a fair share of the good is in the interest of a majority But voluntarily paying that share is not in the interest of most individuals People would rather be “free riders” 14.Necessary and Proper Clause- fed gove shall make all laws 15.Bill of Rights- the first ten amendments of the constitution, whch protects individual and state rights. 16.Federalism- divides sovereignty between the state and the national government. Unitary system=stronger fed gov centralized system were lower level have lil power, fed syst=shared power, confed syst=privelages the states. 17.Defense of Marriage Act (1996)- man and women 18.Commerce Clause- constitutional provision that gives congress the power to regulate commerce amongst states. 19.Equality of opportunity- the notion that individuals should have an equal chance to advance eco through individual talent and hard work. 20.Equality of condition- the notion
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Study Aid for PS 12 Final Exam-1 - 1 Permanent campaign(and...

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