Foundations of Group Behavior1

Foundations of Group Behavior1 - Foundations of Group...

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Foundations of Group Behavior
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Defining and Classifying Groups Group: Two or more individuals interacting and interdependent,  who have come together to achieve particular objectives. + Formal Group A designated work  group defined by the  organization’s structure. + Informal Group A group that is neither  formally structured nor  organizationally determined;  appears in response to the  need for social contact.
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Why People Join Groups Security Status Self-esteem Affiliation Power Goal Achievement
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Stages of Group Development E X H I B I T 9–2
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An Alternative Model: Temporary Groups with Deadlines Sequence of actions : 1. Setting group direction 2. First phase of inertia 3. Half-way point transition 4. Major changes 5. Second phase of inertia 6. Accelerated activity Punctuated- Equilibrium Model - Temporary groups  under time constrained  deadlines go through  transitions between  inertia and activity.  - At the half-way point,  they experience an  increase in  productivity.
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The Punctuated-Equilibrium Model -- Graphic E X H I B I T 9–3
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GROUP PROPERTIES: Factors impacting the internal structure of the group, which affect member behavior. Roles Norms Status Size Cohesiveness
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Group Properties - Roles Definition: A set of expected behavior patterns attributed  to someone occupying a given position in a social unit. INCLUDES: - Role Identity : attitudes/ behaviors consistent with a role. - Role Perception : how one perceives they are supposed to act in a situation. - Role Expectations : how others think a person should act in a situation. - Role Conflict : divergent role expectations.
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Group Properties - Norms Classes of Norms: Performance norms Appearance norms Social arrangement norms Allocation of resources norms Norms: Acceptable standards of behavior within a group  that are shared by the group’s members.
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A series of studies designed to
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This note was uploaded on 06/07/2010 for the course MGMT 001 taught by Professor Mcnary during the Spring '10 term at N.C. State.

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Foundations of Group Behavior1 - Foundations of Group...

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