criminal justice exam 1

criminal justice exam 1 - Tom Wienckowski Prof. Pisani CJ...

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Tom Wienckowski Prof. Pisani CJ – 305E – A Exam #1 1.) Define and exam the concept of Evidence. You are also to make sure you define each type and give examples of each. Your answers should also include defining the different levels of proof as discussed in class. Evidence is any species of proof through the medium of witnesses, records, documents, concrete objects, and circumstances. Evidence is used in the court system to help prove the verdict on a suspect. There are 4 main different types of evidence. They are real evidence, testimonial evidence, direct evidence, and circumstantial evidence or indirect evidence. All evidence must be competent, material, and relevant. All four types necessarily overlap, since all are ultimately presented through testimony. Real evidence is considered as physical objects, such as a murder weapon, stolen property, fingerprints, physical appearance at the scene of the crime, physical appearance of a person when exhibited to a jury, wounds or other items. Real evidence also may be original objects or facsimile representations, such as photographs, models of the crime scene, fine tracks, or other duplicates of objects that are either unavailable or unusable in their original form. Testimonial evidence is considered as sworn verbal statements of witnesses. Real evidence accompanied by testimonial evidence by a qualified individual. Not all testimonial evidence is accompanied by real evidence.
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Direct evidence is also considered eyewitness evidence. Several issues with direct evidence are often times jurors are convinced by eyewitness testimony as opposed to fingerprints, fiber analysis, DNA matches, or other real evidence. There is also an issue of memory. If the trial occurs a long period of time after the crime the eyewitnesses
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criminal justice exam 1 - Tom Wienckowski Prof. Pisani CJ...

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