Steroids 2010

Steroids 2010 - Performance Enhancers Anabolic Androgenic...

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Performance Enhancers Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) Background From adolescents to adults, student to major league athletes, the need to become bigger, better, and faster is the reason for the ever-increasing use of anabolic steroids. Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) which comes from the Greek words "anabolic" ~ to build and "androgenic" meaning ~ masculinizing are used by many to enhance muscle growth, increase strength, and improve physical performance. Most of the people taking steroids, which have been banned by sports authorities since the 1970s, are also using stimulants, diuretic, opioids and other drugs assuming their use enhances training effectiveness. An anabolic steroid functions similar to testosterone, the chief male hormone. Testosterone binds to receptor sites on muscles and other tissues, contributes to male characteristics and increases muscle mass and strength. AAS have been created synthetically for over 70 years. Taking AAS limits pituitary lutenizing hormone (LH), which inhibits endogenous testosterone release. This masculinizing effect still transpires despite chemical alteration, particularly in females. The average male produces 2.5 - 11mg of testosterone/day where the average steroid abuser takes more than 100mg/day through "stacking" or combining several different brands of steroids at one time to achieve the maximum results. From long distance runners to body builders, steroids help to train more frequently with higher intensity and for longer periods of time. They also help recuperating time between workouts.
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Who is using steroids? As early as the 1950s elite athletes, have used AAS as performance enhancers. However, the majority of people taking anabolic steroids are not elite athletes, but rather just regular people looking to increase muscle mass. According to the 1999 Monitoring the Future Study, the percentage of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders who reported using steroids at least once in their lives has increased steadily over four years. 1.8% in 1996, 2.1% in 1997, 2.3% in 1998, and 2.8% in 1999. A Penn State University study in 1998 found that 175,000 high school girls nationwide reported taking steroids at least once in their lifetime. Adolescents and young adults ages 25 and younger make up 54% of the population who reported using anabolic steroids during the previous year. Among adolescents, 4 - 12% of boys and 0.5% - 2.9% of girls report having used anabolic steroids. Some predisposing risk factors for adolescent athletes maybe the "win at all cost" attitude, use of drugs among friends, perceived low severity of side effects, low ability to turn down drugs, availability, and more reasons to use than not to use. Side Effects
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2010 for the course MFC 141 taught by Professor Horvath during the Summer '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Steroids 2010 - Performance Enhancers Anabolic Androgenic...

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