lesson5 - 1 The head note to Manfred states that the...

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1. The head note to Manfred states that the “character of Manfred is its author’s supreme representation of the Byronic Hero” (514). The introductory section on Byron (479-483) provides some characteristics of the “Byronic Hero,” a character type which appears again and again in various guises in Byron’s poetry and in the works of later nineteenth-century writers. Write at least a paragraph on the characteristics of the “Byronic Hero”" using the character of Manfred for your specific examples. (Do not simply repeat the material from the Introduction; cite specific examples and quotations from the play.) The Byronic hero is a self-conflicted individual. He is introspective and “remorse-torn” (p. 480). According to the description on p. 480, “He is in isolation absolutely self-reliant, inflexibly pursuing his own ends according to his self-generated moral code against any opposition, human or supernatural.” This quality of being self-conflicted follows closely with how Byron himself is described in the preface: “I know thee for a man of many thoughts, / And deeds of good and ill, extreme in both.” (34-35) Manfred struggles with good and evil, as addressed by the plot of the poem. He says in line 113, “I am at most sick at heart” – this implies he is self-conflicted. Manfred is very introspective in many parts of the poem. For example, in lines 26-28, Manfred says: “This barrenness of spirit, and to be / My own soul’s sepulchre, for I have ceased / To justify my deeds unto myself—.“ The Byronic hero is also moody and negative. Manfred expresses his depression in lines 66-69, when he says: “Grey’hair’d with anguish, like these blasted pines, / A blighted trunk upon a cursed root, / Which but supplies a feeling to decay—.“ Due to his negativity and frustration with life, Manfred tries to commit suicide, and eventually succeeds.“ He is often moody and exasperated. He says in lines 143-145: “But, like an ebbing wave, it dash’d me back / Into the gulf of my unfathom’d thought. / I plunged amidst mankind…” The Byronic hero is also arrogant, rebellious, and passionate. Manfred is very arrogant. He asks the spirits for more than they can do, and is disappointed with them. He disregards the fact that he is lower in status than them. He refuses to show deference to the most powerful of spirits in lines 120-121: “Upon my strength – I do defy—deny-- / Spurn back, and scorn ye!—.“ He considers himself above all humanity: as stated on p. 480, a Byronic hero is above the “common run of humanity, whom he regards with disdain.” Manfred considers himself above the Chamois Hunter that he meets. When the hunter tries to help him, Manfred says: “It imports not; I do know/ My route full well, and need no further guidance.” (5-6) Manfred considers himself more than a mortal; he thinks that he is more intelligent than others. Thus, he refers to other humans as “mortals.” In lines 35-38, he says, “Pacience and patience! Hence—that word was
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2010 for the course ENG 113 taught by Professor Clark during the Spring '04 term at University of Saskatchewan- Management Area.

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lesson5 - 1 The head note to Manfred states that the...

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