POL_103_review

POL_103_review - POL 103- Final Review Great Britain=...

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Unformatted text preview: POL 103- Final Review Great Britain= England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland 1688- Glorious Revolution establishes power of Parliament last successful political coup d etat or revolution in British history that resolved religious conflict, and implemented a constitutional/limited monarchy in which the Parliament had sole authority for taxation and maintenance of army and the monarchs answer to Parliament. Catholic James II is replaced by Protestant William and Mary who will create the dominance of the Church of England which remains til this day. Parliamentary Democracy: executive is answerable to legislature and may be dismissed by it. In contrast to presidential system b/c chief exec. Is elected in natl ballot and is independent of legislative branch. b/c of religious conflict, Britain is secular: religion is not a significant source of identity= little assoc b/w religion and voting behavior, as a result, UK party systems reflect class distinction and is free of patters of mulitple parties. ~ 1750- Industrial revolution begins in Britain- BRITAIN IS THE 1 ST COUNTRY TO INDUSTRIALIZE change in economy and society and pressured toward democratization. COTTON is an imperial industry. It established GLOBAL PRODUCTION AND TRADE. Foreign importing and exporting greatly expanded in the UKs industrialization and shifted power from landowners to men of commerce and industry. Britain is considered an important, high power b/c of their ability to direct trade and alliances. 1832- Reform Acts expands voting rights to men of the middle class this gave new urban manufacturing centers more representation which inflamed class-based tensions. Peoples Charter: demanded male suffrage and other radical reform to make Britain a more participatory govt= Charist mvmt. Failed to convince parliament to change more. 1867- Rep. of Ppl Act: electorate ~16% but left cities underrepresented. 1884= 32%, 1918= suffrage to nearly all men and women +30yrs. 1837-1901- Reign of Queen Victoria; height of British Empire @ this time the UK made up 25% of the world pop. w/direct rule over ~48 colonies. UK ruled as a HEGEMONIC POWER: controlled patterns of alliance forming and terms of intl economic order. 1914-1918- WWI State involvment in economy and took control of railway, mining, shipping industries. Set prices and restricted plow of capitolabroad and focused countrys resources on war efforts. Contradicted the policy of lassiez-faire (minimal govt interference in operation of economic markets.) 1919-1939: In this interwar period, Great Britains status somewhat diminished and lost its powerful stance in the global realm. Through the process of decolonization the empire shrunk, as certain colonies (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, African colonies) gained independence, while may others were being pressured to do the same....
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2010 for the course POL 103 taught by Professor Lahav during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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POL_103_review - POL 103- Final Review Great Britain=...

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