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Unformatted text preview: POL 103 Great Britain 1688- Glorious Revolution establishes power of Parliament-last successful political coup d etat or revolution in British history.-resolved religious conflict ~1750- Industrial revolution begins in Britain 1832- Reform Acts expands voting rights 1837-1901- Reign of Queen Victoria; height of British Empire 1914-1918- WWI 1929-1939- Great Depression 1939-1945- WWII 1945-1979- Establishment of British welfare state; dismantling of British Empire 1973- Britain joins the European Community 1979-1990- Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher promotes enterprise culture 1997- Tony Blair elected prime minister 2001- Under Blairs leadership, Britain stands shoulder to shoulder with America in war against terror 2007- Grodon Brown becomes Prime Minister and promises to renew the party and the nation. POLITICAL ORGANIZATION Political System : Parliamentary democracy, Constitutional monarchy. Regime History : Long constitutional history, origins subject to interpretation, usually dated from the 17 th century or earlier. Administrative Structure : Unitary state with fusion powers. UK parliament has supreme legislative, executive, and judicial authority. Reform in process to transfer limited powers to representative bodies for Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Executive : Prime Minister (PM), answerable to House of Commons, subject to collective responsibility of the cabinet; member of Parliament who is leader of a party that can control a majority in the Commons. Legislature : Bicameral. House of Commons elected by single-member parliamentary system w/no fixed term but a 5yr limit. Main legislative powers: to pass laws, provide for finance, scrutinize public administration and government policy. House of Lords , unelected upper house: limited powers to delay enactment of legislation and to recommend revisions; specified appeals court functions. Reform introduced to eliminate voting rights of hereditary peers and create new second chamber. Judiciary : Independent but w/no power to judge the constitutionality of legislation or governmental conduct. Judges appointed by Crown on recommendation of PM or lord chancellor. Party System : 2-part dominant, w/regional variation. Principal parties: Labour and Conservative ; a center party (Liberal Democrats); and national parties in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. France Until 1789- Ancien regime (Bourbon Monarchy) 1789-1799- Revolutionary regimes: Constituent Assembly, 1789-1791: Declaration of Rights of Man 8/26/1789; Legislative Assembly, 1791-1792; National Convention, 1792- 1795: Monarchy abolished and First Republic established, 1792 Directory, 1795-1799 1800-1814- Consulate and 1st Empire (Napoleon Bonaparte) 1814-1830- Restoration 1830-1848- July Monarchy 1848-1851- 2nd Republic 1852-1870- 2nd Empire (Louis Napoleon) 1871- Paris Commune 1871-1940- 3rd Republic 1940-1944- Vichy regime 1946-1958- 4th Republic 1958-Present- 5 th Republic Germany 1806-1871- Nationalism and German Unification...
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