POL_103-_final_exam_review - POL 103 Great Britain 1688-...

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POL 103Great Britain1688- Glorious Revolution establishes power of Parliament-last successful political coup d’ etat or revolution in British history.-resolved religious conflict~1750- Industrial revolution begins in Britain1832- Reform Acts expands voting rights1837-1901- Reign of Queen Victoria; height of British Empire1914-1918- WWI1929-1939- Great Depression1939-1945- WWII1945-1979- Establishment of British welfare state; dismantling of British Empire1973- Britain joins the European Community1979-1990- Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher promotes “enterprise culture”1997- Tony Blair elected prime minister2001- Under Blair’s leadership, Britain “stands shoulder to shoulder” with America in war against terror2007- Grodon Brown becomes Prime Minister and promises to renew the party and the nation.POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONPolitical System: Parliamentary democracy, Constitutional monarchy.Regime History: Long constitutional history, origins subject to interpretation, usually dated from the 17thcentury or earlier.Administrative Structure: Unitary state with fusion powers. UK parliament has supreme legislative, executive, and judicial authority. Reform in process to transfer limited powers to representative bodies for Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.Executive: Prime Minister(PM), answerable to House of Commons, subject to collective responsibility of the cabinet; member of Parliament who is leader of a party that can control a majority in the Commons.Legislature: Bicameral. House of Commonselected by single-member parliamentary system w/no fixed term but a 5yr limit. Main legislative powers: to pass laws, provide for finance, scrutinize public administration and government policy. House of Lords, unelected upper house: limited powers to delay enactment of legislation and to recommend revisions; specified appeals court functions. Reform introduced to eliminate voting rights of hereditary peers and create new second chamber. Judiciary: Independent but w/no power to judge the constitutionality of legislation or governmental conduct. Judges appointed by Crown on recommendation of PM or lord chancellor. Party System: 2-part dominant, w/regional variation. Principal parties: Labourand Conservative; a center party (Liberal Democrats); and national parties in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.FranceUntil 1789- Ancien regime (Bourbon Monarchy)1789-1799- Revolutionary regimes: Constituent Assembly, 1789-1791: Declaration of Rights of Man 8/26/1789; Legislative Assembly, 1791-1792; National Convention, 1792-1795: Monarchy abolished and First Republic established, 1792 Directory, 1795-17991800-1814- Consulate and 1st Empire (Napoleon Bonaparte)
1814-1830- Restoration1830-1848- July Monarchy1848-1851- 2nd Republic1852-1870- 2nd Empire (Louis Napoleon)1871- Paris Commune1871-1940- 3rd Republic1940-1944- Vichy regime1946-1958- 4th Republic1958-Present- 5thRepublicGermany1806-1871- Nationalism and German Unification1871-1918- 2ndReich1919-1933- Weimar Republic1933- 1945- 3rdReich1939-1945- WWII1945-1960- A Divided Germany1990-1998- The Challenge of German Unification1998-2001- Germany in the Euro Era2001- Present- Germany after 9/11Japan

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Term
Spring
Professor
Lahav
Tags
Comparative Politics, Command Economy, Coup d Etat, People s Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping

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