notes test 4 til friday

notes test 4 til friday - Test4Material 15:25:00...

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Test 4 Material 28/04/2010 15:25:00 3/31/2010 Midlife Exercise: Percent inactive, percent getting enough Chart More people become inactive across all stages of adulthood o Careers, family, raising children, health problems Midlife Exercise “Walk or Die” (Richardson et al., 2004) o looked at people in mid-life (50s-60s), people who were more likely to  be active had a  35% less  chance of dying compared to those that did  nothing for exercise Weight Bearing Exercise (our bone density starts to decrease, and so if you  do weight-bearing exercises, more calcium will be deposited on your bones) o Weight-lifting (you can also just run since that is a type of weight  bearing exercise) Psychological Benefits (less anxiety, more energy, less tension, less  depression, less fatigue, more self-esteem) o Self-efficacy (being able to accomplish something, and feeling better  about yourself) Cognitive Benefits o (fluid intelligence or fluid cognition, exercise helps improve your  thinking and helps you think faster Muscle-Fat Makeup in Middle Adulthood Can be avoided o Low-fat diet with fruits, vegetables, grains o Exercise-resistance training Middle-age spread common-fat gain in torso o Men: upper abdomen, back
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o Women: Waist, upper arms Very gradual muscle declines  In middle age, the better way to assess a person’s health is looking at the  amount of fat in the body Leading Causes of Death in Middle Adulthood (chart is in book) Comparison of the US to Canada Higher mortality of men in the US Cardiovascular disease is top for men, and cancer is top for women Cardiovascular Disease AKA Atherosclerosis Symptoms o Heart attack (when heart muscle can’t get enough oxygen) o Angina pectoris- chest pain (warning sign, go to the doctor and get  assessed)  o Arrhythmia (where heart doesn’t beat normally) Risk Conditions o High blood cholesterol (build up of plaque and fat in your arteries) o High blood pressure Systolic number on top and diastolic number on bottom ( 120/80  is standard blood pressure, if systolic number is higher than  140  that’s high, and for diastolic number  90 i s high blood pressure) (in middle adulthood, you need to look at the top number more  than the bottom because usually high blood pressure is shown  on the top number)  (systolic is the pressure against the arteries when the heart  beats, diastolic is when your heart is resting)  o Atherosclerosis  Buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries. Gradual hardening of  the arteries
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Skeletal System in Middle Adult Years Changes o Starts in  late 30s
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