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Test 3 notes for CHFD 2200

Test 3 notes for CHFD 2200 - Test 3 Material 01:42:00 ←...

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Unformatted text preview: Test 3 Material 27/03/2010 01:42:00 ← 2/26/2010 ← Chapter 9: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood ← ← Body Growth in Middle Childhood • Slow, regular pattern (2-3 inch per year, 5-7 lbs per year; industrialized countries have heavier and taller children) • Girls vs. Boys (growing about the same rate) • Lower portion of body growing fastest • Bones lengthen/ossify (the cartilage becomes calcified bone) • Muscle mass and strength (boys have greater number of muscle cells) • Permanent teeth arrive (6-7 lose front teeth, 9-10 lose molars) ← Middle Childhood: Sex and Height • 7-12 is basically the same • girls top off about 13, boys continue to grow Nutrition • Regular eating schedule (3 meals a day and 2 snacks) • Variety of foods with significant calcium, zinc, and iron (need 2-3 servings of dairy per day, in the 1990’s only 40% of children received the amount of dairy they needed each day) • Growth spurts (appetites increase) • Percentage body fat (getting ready for growth spurts) ← Obesity and Overweight Children in Middle Childhood • Quadrupled since 1960s (32% are obese/overweight; 2/3 rd of those children will remain obese if they are older than age 10 and still obese) • Related Health Issues o Impaired Glucose tolerance (lead to diabetes) o Shortness of breath—asthma o Obstructive sleep apnea o Cancer (breast, mouth) o Earlier maturation o Risk factors for heart disease (over 60% have at least one risk factor) o Early death (by 5-20 years) • Predictive of Adult Obesity o BMI at age 6 can tell you where they may be later on in life • Explanations for Increase ← Causes of Obesity in Middle Childhood • TV and Video Games o Low Physical activity • Less physical education (today, recess is limited; 3 days per week for only 10 min) • Busy schedules • Low SES • Marketing/Availability of Unhealthy food choices for children • Parents’ feeding practices (less sitting down at the table, eating is more quick, or sitting down at the tv) • Services and Technology ← Percentage of U.S. Children in Daily physical Education Programs from 1969 to 1999 • Chart should be posted online • Decreased from 80% in 1969 to 20% in 1999 Psychological and Social Consequences of Obesity • Feeling unattractive • Stereotyping • Teasing, social isolation • Depression, emotional problems • School problems • Problem behaviors • Reduced life chances Common Illness and Death in Middle Childhood • Top 5 reasons Children Miss School o Colds o Stomach Virus/Flu o Ear Infection o Pink Eye o Sore Throat • Leading Causes of Death: o Motor vehicle accidents (wrecks) o Cancer (most common: leukemia) ← Points to highlight •...
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Test 3 notes for CHFD 2200 - Test 3 Material 01:42:00 ←...

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