notes chfd - CHFD 2200 1/25/10 10:22 PM January 13, 2010...

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CHFD 2200 1/25/10 10:22 PM January 13, 2010 Nature v. Nurture : which has more influence Nature: inborn, biological givens-based on genes Nurture: physical and social environment Current thinking: the two are interactive: can influence each other o : we have genetic programming for our eyes to develop but they also need sunlight in order to develop properly Resilience The ability to adapt effectively in the face of threats to development Factors in resilience: o 1. Personal characteristics personality type o 2. Warm parental relationship o 3. Social support outside the family o 4. Community resources and opportunities Theories of Child and Human Development Psychosexual theory - Freud’s 3 parts of personality o Id -subconscious thought, what you really want to do-nature side o Ego- mediates the two o Superego -conscious, society’s rule of what you should do, counter balances the ID-Nurture side o Psychosexual stages Oral 0-2 Anal 2-4 Phallic 4-5 (discovery of genital sensation peeks at this age) Latency 6-puberty (hidden and quiet stage, not a major issue to overcome during this stage) Genital puberty + (renewed interest in genital sensation) o Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages-based on freud’s Trust/mistrust=Birth-1year Autonomy/shame and doubt= 1-3years Initiative/ guilt=3-6 years
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Industry/ inferiority= 6-11 years Identity/role confusion=adolescence Intimacy/ isolation= Early adulthood Generativity/stagnation=middle adulthood, preparing the world for the next generation, contributing to your generation Ego integrity/ despair=late adulthood-feeling at peace with your life o o Behaviorism and Social Learning- nurture Classical conditioning, John watson-stimulus/response Operant conditioning, B.F. skinner -reinforcers and punishments can create desired behaviors Social learning- you do not have to directly receive the reward or punishment-bobo doll experiment o Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development- discontinuous Birth to 2 years= sensorimotor stage- learning through senses 2-7 years of age- preoperatinal stage, capacity for symbolic thought- some language skills, not able to understand operational thought, short fat glass/ tall skinny glass- they will say the tall one has more 7-11= concrete operational stage- able to understand more complex thought, can see things forward and backward (reverse operations) 11-15 through adulthood= formal operational stage- abstract thought January 15, 2010 Information processing theory o Sensory Register (input) o Short term memory ( Working memory)- Mental processing unit where info stored temporarily o Long term memory (memory storage) o Behavioral response- output Ethology
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o Study of adaptive value of behavior and its evolutionary history- began by studying infant attachment Critical period - window of time in which if a specific skill is not developed at a particular stage of development it
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2010 for the course CHFD 2200 taught by Professor L during the Spring '10 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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notes chfd - CHFD 2200 1/25/10 10:22 PM January 13, 2010...

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