Prenatal and childbirth development

Prenatal and childbirth development - Prenatal Development...

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Prenatal Development and Birth
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Pregnancy By the time most women realize they are pregnant, and schedule an appointment with a healthcare provider (10-12 wks) organogenesis is nearly complete fetal heart is formed spinal canal has closed eyes are formed limbs are actively moving genitalia are recognizable ...and morning sickness is just starting to taper off
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Preconception Care Counseling Psychological readiness (both parents) rationale for childbearing stability of relationship/finances expectations for childbearing and parenting Timing of childbearing - education/career Stopping contraceptive methods Nutrition achieve ideal body weight balanced diet/prenatal vitamins folic acid supplement (0.4 mg/day) limit/eliminate caffeine Genetic screening Dental care - poor dental hygiene = increased risk for preterm labor and birth Medications? Chronic health conditions - diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, seizure disorder, advanced maternal age
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Preconception Care Counseling Environmental and Workplace Issues Teratogens - any agent that could disturb the development of the fetus or embryo (drugs) cigarette smoke illicit drugs Don’t forget the male contribution limited data genetics alcohol, drugs, smoking Choice of birth place and provider birth center vs. hospital vs. home obstetrician vs. midwife Desired labor support pain management options
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What are teratogens? An agent or factor that causes malformation of an embryo Potential teratogens: alcohol (fetal alcohol syndrome) medications: anti-seizure, antidepressants, thyroid drugs,
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