Midterm - Tom Marler Music 110 Midterm Nov 15 2009 Word...

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Tom Marler Music 110 Midterm Nov. 15, 2009 Word Count: 728 Essay 1 During the Middle Ages religion was very important to the citizens and the Catholic Church influenced everything. The vast majority of musicians received training by performing in the choir in their local church. This influenced the way music was conducted which can be evaluated by analyzing the work of early and late composers such as Perotin. I believe this piece of work illustrates the attributes during this time and demonstrate his technical and stylistic ability which are incorporated into today’s music. During the middle ages the Catholic Church adopted plainchant as their official music. This style was used by the church to sing religious texts because it did not interrupt with the religious meaning. When using plainchant the music is sung without any instruments and is not very appealing to listen to. Plainchant is simple compared to polyphony which uses two or more melodies and was seen as a way to make the plainchant music better. The characteristics of plainchant are nonmetrical, meaning they do not have an established meter and the rhythm is free (PG 60). The second is the mode in plainchant is composed around keys D, E, F, and G compared to C or A (PG 60). The difference between early plainchant and late plainchant is it uses one voice and one tone at a time. This genre can consist of simple monotone notes to complex notes ranging well over an octave (PG 60). Early plainchant can be analyzed by listening to Preface for Mass on Whit Sunday, “Vere dignum”. In this composition the monotone voice changes pitch by going up and down. During this composition there are no instruments to enhance the music and the rhythm is free. This is very different compared to Perotin’s “Alleluia. Diffusa est gratia” that used plainchant to produce a different style. By transforming the form of plainchant Perotin was able to introduce a new musical form called polyphony. This is the earliest form of organum; this form combines two or more melodies in a way to make the plainchant more appealing. Perotin’s composition used technical and stylistic creativity by integrating old style with new. Perotin used the tradition melody but added another melody in the counterpoint which is sung simultaneously to the same words. As you listen to the opening chant it starts with one tone and the pitch goes up and down. During the second chant the organ starts and chant varies from fast to slow in a regular rhythm that is different compared to early plainchant. His technical
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2010 for the course BIO BIO 110 taught by Professor Johnhall during the Spring '10 term at Columbia College.

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Midterm - Tom Marler Music 110 Midterm Nov 15 2009 Word...

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