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Unformatted text preview: 1. The cardiovascular system consists of _____(1)_______ and the _______(2)______. (1) Pulmonary circuit (2) Systemic circuit 2. What is the purpose of the lymphatic system? _______(3)________. (3) The lymphatic system transports a watery substance called lymph which disburses immune cells throughout the body. These immune cells are called lymphocytes which protect the body from antigens. Besides from protecting the body from antigen it also interacts with the blood circulatory system to drain fluid from cells and tissues. 3. Identify the 3 types of blood vessels and their function: ____(4)_____. _____(5)______ and _____(6)_____. (4) Arteries- largest and thickest carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body. (5) Capillaries- The exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen take places, they are the smallest (6) Veins- similar to arteries but not as strong they carry blood at low pressure. Small veins called venules receive blood from the capillaries after the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen has taken place. Transports blood to the largest vein know as the Vena Cava that transfers blood to the heart. 4. Explain how the capillary system functions include its purpose. _____(7)___. (7) dfdfd 5. Identify the chambers of the heart and explain their specific purpose._____(8)_____. (8) The heart has four chambers; the top two chambers are the left and right Atriums. The bottom two chambers are Left and Right ventricle. The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood vena cava and pumps it into the right ventricle. The right ventricle pumps blood into the pulmonary artery via the pulmonary valve. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins and pumps it into the left ventricle. The left ventricle receives the blood from the left atrium which pumps the blood to the aorta which disperses blood throughout the body.which disperses blood throughout the body....
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- Spring '10