Crime Staisic 1 - Tom Marler CJAD 101 Drop Box Assignment 2...

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Tom Marler CJAD 101 Drop Box Assignment 2 April 1, 2010 Crime Statistic Sources Crime statistics provides an overview of criminal activity which can be used as a powerful tool for creating social policy. There are two main sources used to collect crime data in the United States, National Crime Victimization Survey and Uniform Crime Reporting Program. These statistical sources have different roles, procedures and terminology, and are faced with inaccuracy. By providing law enforcement agencies with guidance on how to reduce crime they are able to establish better social order in a society. I believe crime statistic sources provide a great overview for cities because it transfers the power to law abiding citizens and puts fear in criminals. Since crime has been an ongoing problem from the prohibition crimes of the 20’s to gang violence of the 21 century, congress authorized the U.S attorney to survey crime in American. In the 30’s they placed the Federal Bureau of Investigation in charge of implementing this program. During the first year Uniform Crime Reporting received reports from 400 cities in 43 states. Today 16,000 law enforcement agencies provide crime information to this program. This program provides an annual summary of the crime rate through the use of reported crimes throughout the United States. It was initially put in place to compare crime through the construction of a crime index. The crime index provides an overlay of the Uniform Crime Reports which breaks criminal offenses down in part I and part II offenses. Part I consists of seven offenses which included murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft and motor vehicle theft. In 1979 congress mandated an eighth offense be added, which was arson. Part II offenses include less serious offenses and counted each time a person is taken into custody such as but not limited to simple assault,
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forgery and counterfeiting, fraud, embezzlement, stolen property and vandalism. In June of 2006 the Federal Bureau of Investigation Criminal Justice Information Service Advisory Policy board officially discontinued the use of the Crime Index in both the UCR/NIBRS programs
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This note was uploaded on 06/12/2010 for the course CJAD CJAD 101 taught by Professor Adamwood during the Spring '10 term at Columbia College.

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Crime Staisic 1 - Tom Marler CJAD 101 Drop Box Assignment 2...

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