{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Water Resource Plan - Salinization is the increase in...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Salinization is the increase in chloride ions in freshwater aquifers. Saltwater intrusion into freshwater aquifers occurs mostly in coastal areas and once it occurs, it is almost impossible to reverse. Once saltwater has intruded into freshwater, the freshwater aquifer often becomes too brackish to be used for human consumption. There are several causes of saltwater intrusion and salinization with some being natural and others being human induced. Mitigation programs only work to slow or stop the saltwater intrusion process. There is no way to restore aquifers affected by saltwater intrusion. One natural cause of saltwater intrusion and salinization is storm surge caused by hurricanes and tropical storms. Along the coasts of Louisiana and Mississippi, Hurricane Katrina brought high winds, high waves, and lots of destruction. Hurricane Rita similarly affected the Louisiana and Texas coasts in 2005 as well. The storm surge pushed saltwater well up into the freshwater marshes that help protect the coastline. In some places, the freshwater marshes were flooded for weeks. Though the storm was quickly over, the effects from the storm surge could be long-term. If fresh water is available to flush out the saltwater, then the fresh water wetlands plants and ecosystems may not be as impacted. However, if there is not sufficient fresh water for flushing, the salinity levels could increase because of evapotranspiration and begin to affect the productivity of the wetland plants (Steyer, 2007).
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern