1st Midterm Study Guide

1st Midterm Study Guide - Introduction to Human Anatomy and...

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Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Name: Taiyeb Raniwala STUDY ACTIVITIES – ( begin here.) I. Aids to Understanding Words (Please refer to Appendix D and the inside front and back covers.) A major tool in helping you learn anatomy and physiology is found in the word roots which will appear in each study guide. Learning the meanings of the roots will help you know the meanings of many new terms as you encounter them. A few minutes of study on each chapter is very much worth your while! Define the following word parts. append- (appendix) cardi- (heart) cran- (skull) dors- (back) homeo- (same, unchanged, constant) -logy (study of) meta- (change, beyond) nas- (nose) orb- (circular, rotating) pariet- (parietal) pelv- (pelvis, hip region) peri- (surrounding) pleur- (pleura) -stasis (to stop or control) -tomy (process of cutting / disection) II. Characteristics of Life A. Describe the following characteristics of life. What is(are) the organ system(s) which are involved in each activity. Movement (muscular system and nervous system) Responsiveness (muscular system and nervous systems) Reproduction (Reproductive system) Growth (endocrine system and digestive system) Respiration (respiratory system) Ingestion (digestive systme) Digestion (digestive system, nervous system, endocrine system, muscular system) Absorption (respiratory system-oxygen, endocrine system-nutrients) Assimilation (lymphatic system) Circulation (cardiovascular system, circulatory system, nervous system) Excretion (excretory system – aka Urinary system) B. What is metabolism? (metabolism is the amount of energy or calories the body burns or uses to maintain itself. This could be in eating, drinking, sleeping, etc… Muscle uses up more calories than fat. A person with more muscle mass is said to have a higher metabolism than a person with more fat mass.) C. Why are observations of the vital signs important to nurses and physicians? (Vital signs are important to nurses and physicians since the vital signs can tell a nurse or physician the current status of the patient thus guiding them to give or not give a particular medication. For example if the patient has high blood pressure and the physician was about to prescribe a medication for a certain condition having a side effect of high blood pressure, the physician can avoid that medication. It is equally important for the nurse if the physician has already issued a medicine order, then the nurse can consult with the physician if the patient’s BP is high or extremely low, etc…) III. Maintenance of Life A. Homeostasis 1. Define homeostasis. (in basic terms, it means to maintain a stable and balanced environment. In the anatomical and physiological terms, it is the processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable. This information was obtained from webster’s online dictionary )
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2. How is body temperature maintained at 37° C (98.6° F)? (The body’s temperature is maintained by the
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2010 for the course BIOLOGY A&P1 taught by Professor Lankow during the Spring '10 term at Mayville.

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1st Midterm Study Guide - Introduction to Human Anatomy and...

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