lecture 2s - Psychology of Prejudice Psychology Lecture...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology of Prejudice Psychology Lecture 2—Origin of Stereotypes Class overview Class Prejudice today Movie True Colours Discussion Origin of Stereotypes Cognitive Environmental Socio-cultural & Motivational Announcements Prerequisite check beginning Reminders: Paper: Partner or no partner Exams: non-cumulative; 50% class; 50% text Exams: & readings readings i-clicker registration UTORid Film clip suggestions? Discrimination when buying a new car Discrimination How would we study the How existence of race/gender discrimination in car buying? buying? Ayres & Siegelman, (1995) Ayres Initial Quote for a new car by Race and Gender 20400 20200 20000 Initial Price ($) 19800 19600 19400 19200 19000 18800 White Black Male Female Social role Discrimination when buying a new car Discrimination Why would salespeople: Ask more money from women? Ask more money from Blacks? Movie Time! True Colours True Ask yourself Why does discrimination Why exist? exist? Why do stereotypes Why exist? exist? Take notes on movie Take and prepare to speak! and Origin of Stereotypes: Origin Cognitive Categorization Categorization Hassidic Jews: black hats, black suits, black beards, ringlet “sideburns”, religious Categorization Categorization Why categorize? Infinite number of stimuli in environment Limited capacity cognitive system Essential part of learning Occurs spontaneously Categorization & Stereotypes Categorization Stereotypes are traits associated with category Can be useful in making predictions Are based on a “kernel of truth” Are fast & efficient But, they are also over-generalizations; But, especially when applied to an individual especially Groups Groups Categorize world into in-groups & out-groups In-group: Groups to which we belong Out-group: Groups to which we do not belong This simplifies social world Us vs. Them Groups Groups Categorizing accentuates inter-group differences Tend to think positively of in-group, IG bias Even minimal groups—camp! Tend to think of out-groups as all the same, OG Tend homogeneity Origin of Stereotypes: Origin Environmental Both are innocent victims of Toronto gunplay! Toronto We still hear about Creba! We The Media The Is the Media accurately Is accurately portraying reality? portraying Or, are they creating Or, stereotypes? stereotypes? Romer, Jamieson, & deCoteau (1998) Romer, African-American are heavily presented in News African-American stories about crime stories Accurate representation? Biased representation? TV News cannot report all criminals or victims; TV selectively samples selectively Does the news emphasize one group vs. Does another for crime? another How often are AA seen as perpetrators? How Victims? Victims? Romer, Jamieson, & deCoteau (1998) Romer, Analyzed 11:00pm newscast on 3 Analyzed stations in Philadelphia for 3 months stations Results: Perpetrators & victims tend to be of the same race 10% Black on White vs. 18% White on Black Romer, Jamieson, & deCoteau (1998) Romer, Results (cont): Whites twice as likely to be seen as victim than Whites perpetrator perpetrator AA are actually victims 80%, but only shown 22% vs. AA 24% for White victims 24% When perpetrator was Black, victim shown as White When 42% vs. 10% in actuality 42% Romer, Jamieson, & deCoteau (1998) Romer, White victims are more “newsworthy” than White Black victims Black White victims of Black perpetrators are White especially “newsworthy” especially e.g. Janie Creba vs. Chantel Dunn Crime portrayals bias our perceptions and Crime amplify stereotypes Parental Influence Parental Most 3 and 4 year olds are aware of race and Most show clear race preference (Clark, 1963). show How do children learn prejudice? Being directly taught by parents? Observing parents? Most results are inconclusive (e.g. Aboud, 1998) Are we missing something? Sinclair, Dunn, & Lowery, (2005) Sinclair, Parents will only influence children when Parents children identify with the parent. identify 80 parent-child pairs completed: Pro-White/Anti-Black prejudice scale Children completed parent identification scale Preliminary results: No correlation between Parent & Child, r= -.11 Sinclair, Dunn, & Lowery, (2005) Sinclair, Relationship between parent's prejudice and children's explicit prejudice 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 -0.05 -0.1 -0.15 -0.2 Children's explicit prejudice Low ID High ID Low High Parental Prejudice Origin of Stereotypes: Origin Socio-cultural & Motivational Motivational Motivational Motivation to maintain Motivation positive social identity positive Justification of status Justification quo quo Allows people to Allows maintain positive selfmaintain views Socio-cultural Socio-cultural Reflects specific cultural values Result from conformity Reflect social roles groups play ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYCH 322 taught by Professor Ishtc during the Winter '10 term at University of the Philippines Los Baños.

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