chi120midtermquestionsanswers - 1 CHI120 Midterm review...

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1 CHI120- Midterm review questions 1) a. Discuss the socialization practices of Latino parents as described by Flores, Vargas (citing Zayas and Soliari) and Reynoso (guest speaker). The socialization practices of Latino parents is defined by a continuing process whereby an individual acquires a personal identity and learns the norms, values, behavior, and social skills appropriate to his or her social position. According to Flores and Vargas, socialization’s purpose is to prepare the child for life. Set of practices designed to enculturate the child and to transmit culturally congruent values and behaviors and foster an infant’s sense of security and optimal growth. Relies on the family’s meaning systems (which are culturally influenced). Latino socialization falls primarily on mothers or maternal figures. Latinas tend to have socio-centric developmental goals for their infants and toddlers Mothers focus on infants and toddlers ability to engage in in appropriate intimate and non-intimate relatedness (proper demeanor) (Falicov 1998). b.) To what extent and in what ways do these practices contribute to bicultural competence in Latino children? These socialization practices contribute to bicultural competence in Latino children by Practices designed to socialize children, build character, teach morals and self-control. Who does what and how it is done has been the subject of much study. Parenting styles of discipline vary by generation and cultural values 2) Discuss Latino parenting styles . Which parenting practices may be more appropriate to use with U.S. born children? Authoritarian: Hierarchical, masculine, autocratic, typically associated with traditional families with strong patriarchal values, do as you are told, do not question authority, rules are often rigid Authoritative: Strong views enforced with flexibility, benevolent despot, child understands what is expected because it is explained, child knows there is room to negotiate, typically associated with more “modern” parents. Permissive: Characterized by lack of structure, lack of rules, inconsistent expectations, associated with more “liberal” parents, younger parents, believed to promote confusion and lack of internal controls in the child, kid is the boss in decision making Parenting processes- Latino style, traditional gender roles still influence socialization of children, varies by education and generational level, influenced by migration, acculturation and unique family circumstances
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2 In general, Latino parents encourage more independence in their sons than their daughters. Girls are expected to obey the family’s moral code and avoid bringing shame to the family Traditional roles reflect the values of machismo and marianismo Machismo- code of male behavior that evolved from patriarchal notions of male chivalry, value of physical strength and stoicism, man’s role is head of family, Socialization of males geared to
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chi120midtermquestionsanswers - 1 CHI120 Midterm review...

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