CMN_105_Lecture_Study_Guide1

CMN_105_Lecture_Study_Guide1 - 1 CMN 105: Lecture Study...

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1 CMN 105: Lecture Study Guide Exam # 1 Meaning/Language Principles 1. a.) What’s the difference between the fields of Semantics and Pragmatics? Semantics- the study of how we acquire meaning through linguistic knowledge. Pragmatics- the study of how we acquire meaning through linguistic knowledge and context. b.) What other disciplines influence the two? Semantics is influenced by Linguistics and Pragmatics by Philosophy. 2. What are the two broad types of human experience? Why is this important to understand? Two broad types of meaning sources in life: 1) Sensory direct-first hand experience . Everything that we perceive first hand through the senses. a. Signs: Unintentional meaning vehicles (coyote tracks, clouds, fingerprints) 2) Symbolic/verbal/second hand experience. Everything we perceive through the use of symbols. a. Symbols: Intentional meaning vehicles (Language) We sometime have difficult distinguishing the symbolic from the non-symbolic. 3. a.) Why are signs and symbols considered to be “meaning vehicles?” It is considered to be “meaning vehicles” because we need stimulation of the mind. Language is a vehicle of transfer meaning. b.) What’s the difference between the two? Signs: Unintentional meaning vehicles (coyote tracks, clouds, fingerprints) Symbols: Intentional meaning vehicles (Language) 4. What is the goal of communication? The goal of communication is shared meaning. Language is one vehicle we use to create shared meaning. 5. a.) What are the various types of meaning in the transmission of a message? 1.) Intended meaning .The speaker intends to express or convey something specific.
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2 2. ) Significative meaning. The meaning that is transferred through our shared symbolic code. 3.) Content meaning. Some combination of conceptual, emotive, and active intent to form the content of what is said. 4.) Interpreted meaning. The act of receiving and interpreting (making sense of) the symbols presented by a speaker or writer. b.) What are the three facets that make up content meaning? 1.) Conceptual 2.) Emotive 3.) Active 6. a.) What is denotative and connotative meaning? Denotative meaning. The logica l , agreed-upon definition. Connotative meaning. The psychological meaning. b.) How are they different? Denotative meaning means “dictionary definition.” Example- the red handkerchief in back pocket, “We are going out tonight!” Connotative meaning - meaning idiosyncratic, example- saying “lousy” = lice. “Joe” name 7. What do the terms referent, co-referent, and extension mean? a.) Referent - The object, entity, idea, thought, feeling to which the word “points.” b.) Co-referent- When multiple referents “point to” a single entity. Multiple referents for a single person: full name, nickname, work title, family names, etc c .) Extension- The number of things a word can refer to varies: 8. a.) What is abstraction in language?
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CMN_105_Lecture_Study_Guide1 - 1 CMN 105: Lecture Study...

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