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Lecture2Them - CMN 105 Lecture 2 Principles of Language...

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CMN 105: Lecture 2 Principles of Language Principle: ________________________________________________________________ (Donna Jo Napoli; Language Matters .) Many studies from other cultures, linguistically deprived children and the biology of language all point to the conclusions that: We are ___________________ to process and produce natural human language. There is a ________________________________ (an actual gene) in the brain, actual physical mechanism, that is responsible for all aspects of language—learning, processing, and production. Acquiring language _______________________ . _______________________ ; the body does it on its own, like metabolizing sugar. o _____________________________________ . Samoa example. The children of Samoa acquire the language of the larger community at the same rate of other cultures. Many children are exposed to ungrammatical language, yet they produce grammatical language. Children of immigrants: Parents: “Paper no come today.” Children: “The paper didn’t come today.” Instead of mimicking their parents, these children use the language they hear in the world outside of the family. o _________________________________________. Wild boy of Averyon (1799). Feral boy can never learn language. Genie. LA in 1970. Lived in isolated captivity. She could never learn language. The failure of these individuals to ever acquire language has been taken as evidence that the language mechanism somehow changes at an early age and once that’s past, they lose their ability to acquire. Also indicates that mimicry isn’t enough as they were taught, and taught, and taught for years, but never got it.
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___________________________________________________________ usually, by the age of five and _________________________________________ . Principle: _____________________________________________ ______________________________________________ . (Donna Jo Napoli) We ______________________ a first language, we __________________ a second one. 1. Anyone who is learning a second language has already acquired a first language so the language mechanism in the brain already has certain linguistic parameters set, making the task quite different. 2. The first language typically serves as the model, and errors often result from taking words from the target language and stringing them together by applying the rules from the first language.
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