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CMN135study_guide_exam_2 - 1 CMN 135study guide exam 2 Note...

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1 CMN 135—study guide exam 2 Note: This study guide only covers reading material. Lecture material will be included on the exam. Pp. 48-49 What is the halo effect? What have we learned from this line of research? -Also known as “what is beautiful is good” hypothesis. This line of research has shown that both adults and young children automatically assume that those who are beautiful have more positive attributes (such as being friendlier, more intelligent, healthier, and so forth) than do those who are less beautiful. Part of this may due to their self-fulfilling prophecy. If beautiful people are treated better than their less attractive counterparts, they may develop more confidence and social skills. Chapter 5 What is the matching hypothesis or the likes attract hypothesis? -People prefer those who are similar to themselves on relevant dimensions. Because people differ from one another on these dimensions, preferences will differ correspondingly. What is the evolutionary argument regarding mate preferences? Pg 59-60 -The value of individuals as mates is consensual and that people’s preferences are relatively homogeneous. That is, mate preferences are relatively similar across individuals, with preferences reflecting properties that were evolutionarily advantageous in past environments. What are the findings of the study? What do the findings mean? -Overall, the results suggest that people tend to prefer mates who have observable characteristics that are valued by most people rather than mates who are similar to themselves. Choices about who was desirable to date were based more on physical attributes such as attractiveness, weight, height, and age rather than attributes such as education, religion, attitudes toward sex, number of children one has, or the desire to have children in the future. -Specifically, women tended to choose men who had attractive faces, were tall, and whose weight was in proportion to their height. -Men tended to choose women who had a low BMI, were younger and had an attractive face, with weight –to- height ratio being the most important determinant for whether a woman was given a “yes.” -To a lesser extent, people were likely to choose partners who were similar to them in terms of height and race. Which traits had little effect on assessment’s of desirability? Pg 63 -Many traits had surprisingly little effect on people’s desirability at H.D events, including… 1.) Education 2.) Income 3.) Previous marriages 4.) Having children 5.) Concordant desires for future children 6.) Religious compatibility 7.) Appetites with respect to casual sex
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2 8.) Having similar regard to smoking and drinking What is the author’s explanation for the finding that desirable women end up matched with higher income men? Pg 64 -Income played a role in men’s selectively, although it did not affect their desirability: Although women showed no preference for higher-income men, these men were more selective.
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CMN135study_guide_exam_2 - 1 CMN 135study guide exam 2 Note...

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