hde_100c_s09_study_guide_1-1

hde_100c_s09_study_guide_1-1 - HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging...

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HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging Study guide Exam 1 CHAPTER 1: 1. Differences between gerontology and geriatrics? Gerontology- the field of study that focuses on understanding the biological, psychological, social, and political factors that influence older people’s lives. Geriatrics- clinical study and treatment of older people and the diseases that affect them. 2. Basic terminology regarding aging (such as senescence; chronological aging, dependency ratio) a.) senescence- gradual decline in all organ systems, especially after age 30. b.) chronological aging- person’s years from birth (however biological, social, and psychological age is not necessary congruent with chronological age.) c.) dependency ratio- Rough estimate of the proportion of the population that is employed (18- 64) with the proportion not in the work force (under 18; 65+). (The real or effective dependency ratio looks at the ratio of economically active workers compared to inactive.) 3. Poverty rates among elderly as compared to other populations, ethnicity (such as: which is the fastest growing group of elderly?) 4. What is compression of morbidity? Argues that future cohorts will have fewer debilitating illnesses and will, in fact, experience only a few years of major illness in very old age 5. What are some of the differences among the three groups of the elderly? a.) Young- Old (65-74)- b.) Old-Old (75-84)- c.) Oldest-Old (85+) Older population is itself getting older Compared to 1900, in 2000 65-74 age group 8x larger 75-84 age group 16x larger 85+ was 34x larger 6. Environmental press: which one is optimal? a.) Refers to the demands that social and physical environments make on the individual to: adapt, respond or change. -as demands change, individual must adapt in order to maintain sense of competence. -the higher a person’s competence, the higher the level of environment press that can be tolerated. 1
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HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging b.) Most services for older people are oriented toward minimizing environmental demands and increasing supports. -however, when the environmental press is far below the individual’s adaptation level… -sensory deprivation, boredom, learned helplessness, and dependence on others may result. CHAPTER 3: 7. The changes in human body must be …? (To be classified as age-related) 8. Basic tenets of each of the theories of aging (recall the videos that we viewed). - A.) autoimmune theory - the hypothesis that aging is a function of the body’s immune system becoming defective, producing antibodies against itself. - B.) cellular aging theory - the hypothesis that aging occurs as cells slow their number of replications, based on the observations that cells grown in controlled laboratory environments are able to replicate only a finite number of times. -
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hde_100c_s09_study_guide_1-1 - HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging...

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