hde_100c_s09_study_guide_1-1 - HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging Study guide Exam 1 CHAPTER 1: 1. Differences between gerontology and geriatrics? Gerontology- the field of study that focuses on understanding the biological, psychological, social, and political factors that influence older people’s lives. Geriatrics- clinical study and treatment of older people and the diseases that affect them. 2. Basic terminology regarding aging (such as senescence; chronological aging, dependency ratio) a.) senescence- gradual decline in all organ systems, especially after age 30. b.) chronological aging- person’s years from birth (however biological, social, and psychological age is not necessary congruent with chronological age.) c.) dependency ratio- Rough estimate of the proportion of the population that is employed (18- 64) with the proportion not in the work force (under 18; 65+). (The real or effective dependency ratio looks at the ratio of economically active workers compared to inactive.) 3. Poverty rates among elderly as compared to other populations, ethnicity (such as: which is the fastest growing group of elderly?) 4. What is compression of morbidity? Argues that future cohorts will have fewer debilitating illnesses and will, in fact, experience only a few years of major illness in very old age 5. What are some of the differences among the three groups of the elderly? a.) Young- Old (65-74)- b.) Old-Old (75-84)- c.) Oldest-Old (85+) Older population is itself getting older Compared to 1900, in 2000 65-74 age group 8x larger 75-84 age group 16x larger 85+ was 34x larger 6. Environmental press: which one is optimal? a.) Refers to the demands that social and physical environments make on the individual to: adapt, respond or change. -as demands change, individual must adapt in order to maintain sense of competence. -the higher a person’s competence, the higher the level of environment press that can be tolerated. 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging b.) Most services for older people are oriented toward minimizing environmental demands and increasing supports. -however, when the environmental press is far below the individual’s adaptation level… -sensory deprivation, boredom, learned helplessness, and dependence on others may result. CHAPTER 3: 7. The changes in human body must be …? (To be classified as age-related) 8. Basic tenets of each of the theories of aging (recall the videos that we viewed). - A.) autoimmune theory - the hypothesis that aging is a function of the body’s immune system becoming defective, producing antibodies against itself. - B.) cellular aging theory - the hypothesis that aging occurs as cells slow their number of replications, based on the observations that cells grown in controlled laboratory environments are able to replicate only a finite number of times. -
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 8

hde_100c_s09_study_guide_1-1 - HDE 100C Adulthood and Aging...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online