midlife_and_older_couples_notes-1 - Midlife and Older...

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Unformatted text preview: Midlife and Older Couples Midlife Chapter 13 Personal Satisfaction by Age Group Family Life in the Middle Years Family 0. Approaches to Defining Middle Years 0. Time between 35-65 1. Shift from years lived to years left to live 2. Time after last child left home to retirement 1. Fastest growing age groups 3. 50 to 54 age group grew 55% from 1990 to 2000 4. 45 to 49 age group grew 45% from 1990 to 2000 Stressors in Middle Years Stressors 5. Family involved in judicial system 6. Major financial loss 7. Serious emotional problem 8. Illness or accident of primary wage earner Marital separation 9. Death of a sibling 10. Loss of primary wage earners job 11. Death of parents 12. Illness of parents Coping Patterns Utilized 13. Attending church 14. Sharing concerns with friends 15. Facing problems head on 16. Participating in church activities 17. Sharing difficulties and doing things with relatives 18. Seeking medical advice 19. Seeking information from informed others 20. Asking and accepting help 21. Seeking help from agencies 22. Seeking professional counseling Challenges of Middle Years Challenges 2. For men: 23. Thriving at work while staying connected with family 24. Routinization 3. For women: 25. Balancing work and family 26. Moving from career at home to career in work world Sexuality in Middle Age 4. Female Menopause 27. End of monthly menstrual periods: 0. Time of silent distress for some 1. For others, a time of transition 28. Hormonal changes lead to other physiological changes 5. Climacteric or “Male Menopause” 29. Decrease in hormone production 30. Experience of orgasm changes Strengthening Marriage in Middle Years 0. Establish marriage as a priority early 1. Be alert to warning signs of problems 2. Strive for equality 3. Grow as individuals and as a couple Strengthening Marriage in Middle Years (cont’d) (cont’d) 4. Develop social network 5. Evaluation and enrichment of marriage 6. Avoid boredom or frustration at work 7. Lifestyle change over partner change 8. Attend to happiness of spouse Divorce in Middle Age Years 31. Rise in divorce rate among long term marriages Rise 32. Causes of divorce for women 32. 2. Spousal abuse 3. Alcohol or drug abuse 4. Cheating 33. Causes of divorce for men 5. Fell out of love 6. Cheating 7. Different values, lifestyles Family Quads Family 6. Discuss the process of adolescents leaving home: 34. What are the effects the adolescent? 35. What are the effects on the parent(s)? 36. How can they help each-other out with this transition? 7. Record effects on both and ideas for helping each-other. The Family Nest… 37. Empty nest 8. Feelings of malaise, emptiness, lack of purpose when children leave home home 38. Spacious nest 9. Term which notes the potential positive aspects of the time 39. Boomerang kids 10. Adult children who return home after being on their own 40. Cluttered nest 11. Adult children who return home to live while establishing themselves professionally or financially themselves Sandwich Generation 9. Caretaking of children + caretaking of aging parents 10. 10. 11. Daughters more likely to engage in Time of challenge and potential growth caretaking role caretaking Grandparenthood 8. For 75% of adults 65 years or older 9. Highly valued relationship: 41. Weekly contact frequent among many 42. Provide intergenerational continuity 43. Provide a sense of creativity and accomplishment Provide 10. Many grandparents taking on parenting role with 10. grandchildren grandchildren Family Life in Later Years 11. Increasing “aged” society: 44. Average life span for women—79.8 years 45. Average life span for men—74.4 years 12. Married older men report: 46. Greater happiness than younger men 47. Greater emotional regulation than younger men 48. Greater ability to maximize the positive Categorizing Old Age Categorizing 49. Young old 12. Between 55 and 65 13. Peak of social and vocational status 50. Middle old 14. Between 65 and 75 15. Retired 16. Good health 17. Leisure time commonly present 51. Old-Old 18. Over age 75 19. Frailest, loneliest, and poorest 52. Frail-Old 20. Found across groups 21. Signifies variation in how individuals age Process of Aging 53. Psychological Phenomenon 22. Mental attitude toward the past 23. Outlook for the future 54. Biological Reality 54. 24. Genetic influence 55. Social Phenomenon 25. Influence of social standing and status 56. Family Process 26. Occurs in context of relationships Myths of Old Age 13. Over the hill at 65 14. Prevalence of poverty 15. No sex drive nor activity 16. Sickness dominates life 17. Senility inevitable 18. Nursing home inevitable 19. Loneliness prevails 20. Isolation from family Isolation Retirement Retirement 21. Most adults adjust well 22. Difficulties associated with: 57. History of difficulties with transitions 58. Shyness or loneliness 59. Limited instrumental or communal abilities 23. Positive adjustment associated with: 60. Good health 60. 61. Economic security 62. Supportive social network Longevous Marriages 24. Marriages that have lasted 50+ years 25. Three categories of couples 63. Blissfully in love and happy 27. Approximately 20% of total 64. Very unhappy, but continue marriage out of habit or fear 28. Approximately 20% of total 65. In between couples Losing a Spouse…and Moving On 26. Difficult transition… some some 27. Women more likely to lose spouse than men 28. Grieving process: Grieving 66. Crisis loss stage 66. 67. Transition stage of grief 68. New life stage of grief (Brubaker, 1990) devastating crisis for Selective Optimization with Compensation with 29. Theoretical view of aging based on research 30. Selective Optimization 69. Strengths 70. Wisdom of knowing what will be effective, satisfying, etc. 31. Compensation 71. Acknowledges what is lost 72. Compensates with other things, skills, etc. ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2010 for the course HUMAN DEVE HDE110 taught by Professor Michaelrahilly during the Summer '07 term at UC Davis.

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