ARTH 247 Handout 1

ARTH 247 Handout 1 - ARTH 247 Fall 2009 September 11, 2009...

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ARTH 247 Fall 2009 September 11, 2009 Mecca, Madina and Early Islamic Architecture Places Mecca Yemen Petra and Mada’in Salih Bostra (Bosra) Constantinople Ctesiphon Rusafa/Sergiopolis Hijaz –the strip of Western Arabia along the Red Sea Madina (Yathrib) Kufa Basra Fustat Terms The Five Pillars of Islam: Profession of faith; prayer five times a day; payment of alms; fasting during the month of Ramadan; pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime. Qur’an (Koran): Holy book for Muslims. Hijrah : Departure of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE. This marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. Qibla : direction facing the ka‘ba to which Muslims turn for prayer. Ka‘ba : cube, or cubic structure Omalphos : literally navel, used metaphorically to indicate a focal point or center. Haram : sacred area or enclosure. Masjid : a place for prostration or mosque. Hypostyle: a structure supported by columns
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ARTH 247 Handout 1 - ARTH 247 Fall 2009 September 11, 2009...

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