ARTH 247 Handout 2

ARTH 247 Handout 2 - ARTH 247 September 15, 2009 The Dome...

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ARTH 247 September 15, 2009 The Dome of the Rock and the Mosque of Damascus Caliph (from the Arabic word khalifa , “successor” or “follower”): The title given to the leaders of the Islamic community following the death of Muhammad in 632 CE. The “Rightly Guided” Caliphs ( Al-khulafa’ al-Rashidun ): the first four caliphs who succeeded Muhammad (ca. 632-ca. 661 CE). Umayyad Dynasty : The first Islamic dynasty (661-750 CE) established by a companion of the Prophet and the Governor of Syria, Mu‘awiya . Their capital was Damascus. Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan : Fifth Umayyad caliph (r. 685-705), organized the Caliphate, Arabized the administration and Islamized the coinage after he had subdued several revolts against the rule of his family. Al-Walid I : Sixth Umayyad caliph (r. 705-715), built several imperial and congregational mosques throughout the Umayyad empire, the most important are the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina, the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and the Mosque of Damascus. The Night Journey and the Ascension
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2010 for the course ART 247 taught by Professor Tohme during the Fall '09 term at Wellesley College.

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ARTH 247 Handout 2 - ARTH 247 September 15, 2009 The Dome...

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