ARTH 247 Handout 3

ARTH 247 Handout 3 - • Anjar in Lebanon ca 710-20 founded...

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ARTH 247 September 18, 2009 The Umayyad Complexes in the Desert Badiya : Semi-desert or the edge of the desert. During the Umayyad period, “badiya”, meant “estate in the countryside.” Qasr (Plural, Qusur): Palace, castle, fort, or estate. Qusayr : Diminutive form of qasr . Bayt (Plural, Buyut) : A self-contained unit, made up of four to five rooms. A series of buyut are normally arranged around a courtyard. Kitab al-Aghani: “The Book of Songs,” by Abu Faraj al-Isfahani. This work consists primarily of songs and poems that were popular in 10 th century Baghdad, but it also provides information about manners and customs in the Umayyad court. Majlis : a reception or assembly hall. Hisham: Umayyad caliph (r. 724-43) Al-Walid II : Umayyad caliph (r. 743-44) Sites Qasr Kharana in Jordan –ca. 670
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Unformatted text preview: • Anjar in Lebanon ca. 710-20, founded by al-Walid I. • Qasr al-Hayr al Gharbi (The Western Palace of the Enclosed Garden or Game Reserve) in Syria, founded by Hisham 724-7. • Qasr al Hayr al Sharqi (The Eastern Palace of the Enclosed Garden or Game Reserve) in Syria, founded by Hisham ca. 728. • Qusayr Amra in Jordan, founded ca. 711-15 • Khirbet al-Mafjar in the West Bank outside of Jericho, founded ca. 743 –possibly by al-Walid II. Bath House Terminology • Apodyterium: room for undressing and socializing • Frigidarium: room for cold bathing • Tepidarium: room for warm bathing • Caldarium: room for hot bathing • Hypocaust: a space below the floor into which hot air was piped to heat the rooms....
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