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Unformatted text preview: • Tulunids (868-905): a semi-independent principality that was founded by Ahmad ibn Tulun (an Abbasid governor) in parts of Egypt and Syria. Samarra Style Stucco Decoration: • Style A: vine-leaf and vegetal ornament bearing some resemblance to Byzantine models. • Style B: vegetal ornament with more abstraction than style A, such as no stalks from which the leaves grow, etc. • Style C: molded pattern, very abstract with almost no recognizable representational forms. Patterns are normally inscribed within borders. Main Features of Aghlabid and Later North African Mosques • Hypostyle plan with arcaded porticos on the three sides of the courtyard • T-shaped plan of prayer hall (axial nave and transverse arcade in front of the main mihrab, with aisles perpendicular to the qibla wall • Dome above the mihrab • Square-based tower as minaret ARTH 247 September 22, 2009...
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- Fall '09
- Mosque, Egypt Great Mosque of Qayrawan, Ahmad ibn Tulun, Egypt Great Mosque, 55-foot high minaret, Qayrawan