ARTH 247 Handout 4

ARTH 247 Handout 4 - Tulunids (868-905): a semi-independent...

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ARTH 247 September 22, 2009 Abbasid Mosques and Palaces Main Sites and Buildings Madinat al-Salam (the “Abode of Peace”), founded by al-Mansur in 754-75 The Great Mosque of Samarrra (Mosque of al-Mutawakkil) and its 55-foot high minaret is commonly referred to as the Malwiyya , 847-61 Jawsaq al-Khaqani (also called Dar al-Khalifa) , palace complex constructed by al-Mu‘tasim in 836 in Samarra. Mosque of Ibn Tulun, completed in 879, Egypt Great Mosque of Qayrawan, 8 th -9 th century, Tunisia Places Baghdad Samarra Al-Qata’i‘ Qayrawan Abbasids (750-1258): the second major Islamic dynasty after the Umayyads, were descendents of Muhammad’s uncle al-Abbas, hence the name. Their effective rule lasted for a little more than a century. After that, they became figureheads of an elusive Islamic unity that did not exist in reality. Aghlabids (800-909): A dynasty that ruled Ifriqya (Tunisia, Algeria and Libya) and Sicily. Their capital was Qayrawan and they paid tribute to the Abbasids.
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Unformatted text preview: Tulunids (868-905): a semi-independent principality that was founded by Ahmad ibn Tulun (an Abbasid governor) in parts of Egypt and Syria. Samarra Style Stucco Decoration: Style A: vine-leaf and vegetal ornament bearing some resemblance to Byzantine models. Style B: vegetal ornament with more abstraction than style A, such as no stalks from which the leaves grow, etc. Style C: molded pattern, very abstract with almost no recognizable representational forms. Patterns are normally inscribed within borders. Main Features of Aghlabid and Later North African Mosques Hypostyle plan with arcaded porticos on the three sides of the courtyard T-shaped plan of prayer hall (axial nave and transverse arcade in front of the main mihrab, with aisles perpendicular to the qibla wall Dome above the mihrab Square-based tower as minaret ARTH 247 September 22, 2009...
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2010 for the course ART 247 taught by Professor Tohme during the Fall '09 term at Wellesley College.

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ARTH 247 Handout 4 - Tulunids (868-905): a semi-independent...

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