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ARTH 247 Handout 4 - • Tulunids(868-905 a...

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ARTH 247 September 22, 2009 Abbasid Mosques and Palaces Main Sites and Buildings Madinat al-Salam (the “Abode of Peace”), founded by al-Mansur in 754-75 The Great Mosque of Samarrra (Mosque of al-Mutawakkil) and its 55-foot high minaret is commonly referred to as the Malwiyya , 847-61 Jawsaq al-Khaqani (also called Dar al-Khalifa) , palace complex constructed by al-Mu‘tasim in 836 in Samarra. Mosque of Ibn Tulun, completed in 879, Egypt Great Mosque of Qayrawan, 8 th -9 th century, Tunisia Places Baghdad Samarra Al-Qata’i‘ Qayrawan Terms & People Abbasids (750-1258): the second major Islamic dynasty after the Umayyads, were descendents of Muhammad’s uncle al-Abbas, hence the name. Their effective rule lasted for a little more than a century. After that, they became figureheads of an elusive Islamic unity that did not exist in reality. Aghlabids (800-909): A dynasty that ruled Ifriqya (Tunisia, Algeria and Libya) and Sicily. Their capital was Qayrawan and they paid tribute to the Abbasids.
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Unformatted text preview: • Tulunids (868-905): a semi-independent principality that was founded by Ahmad ibn Tulun (an Abbasid governor) in parts of Egypt and Syria. Samarra Style Stucco Decoration: • Style A: vine-leaf and vegetal ornament bearing some resemblance to Byzantine models. • Style B: vegetal ornament with more abstraction than style A, such as no stalks from which the leaves grow, etc. • Style C: molded pattern, very abstract with almost no recognizable representational forms. Patterns are normally inscribed within borders. Main Features of Aghlabid and Later North African Mosques • Hypostyle plan with arcaded porticos on the three sides of the courtyard • T-shaped plan of prayer hall (axial nave and transverse arcade in front of the main mihrab, with aisles perpendicular to the qibla wall • Dome above the mihrab • Square-based tower as minaret ARTH 247 September 22, 2009...
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