ARTH 247 Handout 6

ARTH 247 Handout 6 - Church of San Miguel de Escalada near...

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ARTH 247 September 29, 2009 The Splendor of Al-Andalus during the Caliphal Period (756-1031) The Umayyads of Spain (756-1031): After the fall of the Umayyad dynasty in 750, a member of the family, ‘ Abd al-Rahman I , fled to Spain and established a principality in Cordoba independent of the Abbasids. His great grandson Abd al-Rahman III , declared a new caliphate that lasted until 1031 CE. Al-Andalus : Southern Spain, but in Arabic sources designates all of Islamic Spain. The Great Mosque of Cordoba: Founded by Abd al-Rahman I in 786, it was expanded several times: in 832 and 848 under Abd al-Rahman II, in 962 by al Hakam II, and in 987 by al-Mansur, the vizir of Hisham II. Compare to the
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Unformatted text preview: Church of San Miguel de Escalada near Leon (ca. 913-914) Madina al-Zahra: A palace-city built 8 miles northwest of Cordoba by Abd al-Rahman III. It served as the administrative and governmental headquarters between 936 and 1010. The Masjid (or Musalla) of Bab Mardum , Toledo: (ca. 999), A musalla with an open nine-bay plan. It was converted into a church after the Christian conquest of Toledo in 1085 and became known as the Church of Cristo de la Luz. Compare to the Mosque of the Three Doors at Qayrawan (866): one of the earliest surviving examples of a small neighborhood mosque, it is distinguished by its nine-bay plan and its stucco decoration....
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This note was uploaded on 06/15/2010 for the course ART 247 taught by Professor Tohme during the Fall '09 term at Wellesley College.

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