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ARTH 247 Handout 9 - ARTH 247 Mausoleums Mosques and Towers...

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ARTH 247 October 13, 2009 Mausoleums, Mosques and Towers in Central Asia and Iran Mosques Tarik Khana Mosque , Damghan, Iran: (between 750-89): Oldest mosque in Iran. Hypostyle plan with a large axial nave and heavy cylindrical brick piers that support elliptical, pointed arches. The roof is a series of barrel vaults. Nine-domed Mosque (also known as the “No Gunbad Mosque”), Balkh, Afghanistan: (first half of the 9th century) Masjid-i-Jami (Congregational Mosque), Nayin, Iran: (10th century), hypostyle; heavy cylindrical pillars; carved stucco decoration. Development of Mausoleums : The Samanid Mausoleum in Bukhara, Uzbekistan: (ca. 914), built by Nasr ibn Isma‘il, square canopy tomb; tapering walls; engaged columns on the corner; very rich decorative program using brick motifs and patterns. Dome support: ribbed, double-arched squinches. The Tower Tomb of Gunbad-i-Qabus in Gurgan, Iran: (1006-7), a ten-sided star plan, a high cylindrical tower (52 m) that ends in a conical dome. Paradoxically identified as a qasr in the inscription.
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